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Аддиктивное поведение: профилактика и реабилитация

Издатель: Московский государственный психолого-педагогический университет

Год издания: 2011

 

Presentation by Dr Martien Kooyman Moscow April 20th 2011. The treatment of addiction. Who can we treat when and how? 13

Рубрика: Приложения

Тип: материалы конференции

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Фрагмент статьи

In the Netherlands we made many mistakes in our drug policies, such as prescribing Methadone to heroin addicts without further treatment, calling that harm reduction or allowing coffee-shops to sell cannabis. Most coffee-shops are now in the hands of criminal organizations.

However I can also tell some positive facts. We have very few cases of H.I.V. infected drug users. This is not the result of the distribution of methadone, but because the percentage of intravenous use of hard dugs dropped from around 80 % in the eighties to 11% nowadays. An addicts who uses needles is seen in the addict scene as sick or stupid (and nobody likes to be called stupid). Those who still use needles are always using their own equipment and know how to clean it.

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Литература
  1. Aron, W.S. (1975). Family background and personal trauma among drug addicts in the U.S.A.: implications for treatment. Brit. J.of Addiction, 70, 295-305.
  2. Barr, H & Antes, D. (1980). Seven years after treatment: A follow-up study of drug addicts and alcohol addicts treated in Eagleville Hospital’s Inpatient Program. Final Report to N.I.D.A.. Eagleville Hosp. Research Report, Eagleville, Penn.
  3. Berg, J.E. (2002). Behandeling en economie: kosten-baten analyse van de therapeutische gemeenschap. Voordracht gehouden op het symposium tgv. 30 jaaar therapeutische gemeenschap Emiliehoeve op 28-11-2002. .
  4. Cartwrigt, W.S. (2000) Cost-Benefit Analysis of Drug Treatment Services: Review of the Literature. Journ. Mental Health Policy Econ, 3, 11-26.
  5. Cramer, E.A.S.M. & Schippers G.M. ( 1994) Zelfcontrole en ontwenning van hard drugs. University of Nijnegen Research Group on Addictive Behaviours, Nijmegen
  6. De Bruijn, C, van den Brink, W. de Graaf, R & Vollebergh, W.  (2005). Alcohol abuse and dependence criteria as predictors of a chronic course of alcohol use disorders in the general population. Alcohol , 40, 441- 446.
  7. Dijk, W.K. van (1971). Complexity of the Dependence Problem: Interaction of Biological Psychogenic and Sociogenic Factors in Drug Dependence in:  H.M. van Praag (ed), Biochemical and Pharmacological Aspects of Dependence and Reports on Marijuana Research, pp. 26-32, Boon, Haarlem.
  8. Kooyman, M. (1986). The psychodynamics of therapeutic communities for treatment of heroin addicts. In: De Leon & Ziegenfuss (Eds.) Therapeutic Communities for addictions. Readings in Theory, Research and Practice, 29- 41. Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, Ill.
  9. Kooyman, M. (1992). The Therapeutic Community for Addicts, Intimacy, Parent Involvement and Treatment outcome. Universiteitsdrukkerij Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam
  10. Kooyman, M. (2001). The History of Therapeutic Communities: a View from Europe. In: Therapeutic Communities for the Treatment of Drug Users; B. Rawlings and R. Yates, Editors, Jessica Kingsley Publishers, London.
  11. Kooyman, M (2005) The therapeutic community, a self-help programme or an institution.
  12. Paper presented at the 10th European Conference on Rehabilitation and Drug Policy in Heraklion, Crete, May 12th 2005
  13. Kooyman, M. (2007) The different aspects of addiction and the Therapeutic Community Apprach.  Paper presented at the 12th EFTC Conference in Ljubljana.
  14. Meer, Chr. van der (1997) Evaluatie onderzoek van de Emiliehoeve. Voordracht gehouden op het symposium tgv het 25 jarig bestaan van de Emiliehoeve in 1997.
  15. Meer, Chr. van der (2002). Verslavingszorg, een maatschappelijke belegging. Voordracht gehouden op het symposium tgv.30 jaaar therapeutische gemeenschap Emiliehoeve op 28-11-2002.
  16. Pitts, J.A. (2002). Cost Benefits of Therapeutic Community Programming, Results of a National Survey. Paper presented at the 21th World Conference of Therapeutic Communities, 17-21 February 2002, Melbourne.
  17. Schippers, G.M. and Broekman, T.G. (2006).The course of drug dependence. In: Verslaving , deel 3, 34- 44, ZonMW Den Haag.
  18. Schippers, G.M. and Broekman,.T.G. (2006). The course of alcoholdependence.  In: Verslaving , deel 3, 6-26, ZonMW, Den Haag.
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