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Development and use of schedules in education of elementary school children with ASD
Sharova Y.A., elementary school teacher , of the Center for Psychological, Medical and Social Support to Children and Adolescents of the Moscow State University of Psychology and Education. Moscow, Russia, Moscow, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org
The work on preparedness for education of elementary school students with autism disorders can be greatly facilitated by the use of the methods that allow to structure child's knowledge about necessary changes. The use of schedules greatly facilitates the process of education, guiding and work on children's adaptation. The article describes stages of the work on inclusion and use of general and individual schedules in two groups of children with intellectual disabilities and autism spectrum disorders in preschool classes. This work was conducted in the Center for Psychological, Medical and Social Support to Children and Adolescents of the Moscow State University of Psychology and Education. The article contains examples of the use schedules to increase independence and to reduce anxiety in children with autism spectrum disorders.
Keywords: autism spectrum disorders, behavioral disorders, negativism, stereotypical behavior, effective adaptation of children, direct observation, general and individual schedule