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Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/exppsy

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2008

Published quarterly

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Open Access Journal

 

Perception of Person's Individual Psychological Features Based on a Whole or Partially Occluded Face Image 1279

Barabanschikov V.A., Doctor of Psychology, Director of the Institute of Experimental Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education , Moscow, Russia, vladimir.barabanschikov@gmail.com
Abstract
Perception adequacy of individual psychological features based upon facial expression was addressed experimentally. The research method involves comparing model's and observer's (respondent's) personality traits, and observer's assessment of model's individual psychological features based upon the expression of his/her face, full or fragmented (partly occluded). Assessment of personality traits was made using transformed 16PF by R. B. Cattell. Respondents were shown photos of two male and two female faces till shoulder girdle en face. Each photo was in five versions: fully open, and displayed upper, lower, right or left side only. Research indicates that in the case of a whole face, expression about 40 % of model's personality traits is assessed correctly. Effectiveness of assessments using right or left halves of model's face coincides and is undistinguishable from the assessments of the whole face photos. Individual psychological features are perceived less accurately when based on the lower face part, and the worst assessments made were based on the upper part. Advantages in accuracy of recognition of separate personality traits based on whole face in relation to fragmented were not found. In all types of occlusions and types of faces optimism and originality were recognized most effectively, and conciseness less effectively. Successful recognition of a whole and fragmented face involves different predictors. Assessment of a full face involves observer's high self)control; of horizontally divided face ) his/her dependence on the group; and of a vertically divided face – weak social contact.

Keywords: interpersonal perception, facial expression, perception of fragmented face, predictors of discernment

Column: Psychology of Perception

For Reference

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