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Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/exppsy

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2008

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The Organization of Eye Movements in the Perception of Facial Images 1960

Barabanschikov V.A., Doctor of Psychology, Director of the Institute of Experimental Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education , Moscow, Russia, vladimir.barabanschikov@gmail.com
Ananyeva K.I., PhD in Psychology, Researcher of the Laboratory of cognitive processes and mathematical psychology, Institute of Psychology of RAS, Moscow, Russia, kristina.ananyeva@psyexp.ru
Kharitonov V.N., Post Graduate Student, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, virxav@yandex.ru
Abstract
This study present methodologies and results of research on subjects’ ocular motor activity when recognizing a facial image. An analysis of dominating functional facial structures is performed, including the paths of visual surveying, during the identification of a model’s ethnicity and his emotional state. The received data leads to conclude that the dominance of perception of the sides of a face is a systematic effect, following personal principles based on geniture, dynamics and development. During the completion of perception tasks, the primary allocation of eye movement in one or another side of a face is not connected with the effectiveness of their completion. The most important determinant of the organization of ocular motor activity in recognizing facial expressions is facial feature structure. Most often the left eye and the lower-right part of the model’s face are fixated upon. In various combinations the zones of interest are combined by saccadic movements into one whole, transforming into focal points of visual surveying. The effective solution of perception tasks presumes a combination of overall (ambient) and scanning (focal) methods of perceiving and organizing eye movements.

Keywords: eye movements, eyetracker, dominance in perception of sides of the face, visual survey paths, identification of ethnicity, perception of facial expressions, methods of facial recognition

Column: Psychology of Perception

For Reference

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