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Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/exppsy

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2008

Published quarterly

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Open Access Journal

 

System Organization of Behavior, Connected with the Voluntary and Involuntary Assessment of Time Intervals of Various Duration 1097

Bezdenezhnyh B.N., PhD in Psychology, Dr. Sci. in Psychology, Leading Research Associate, Institute of Psychology RAS, Moscow, Russia, bezbornik@mail.ru
Medyntsev A.A., Junior Research Associate, Institute of Psychology RAS, Moscow, Russia, med_a_a@mail.ru
Alexandrov Yu.I., Doctor of Psychology, Head of the Laboratory of the Neural Bases of Mind, Institute of Psychology RAS, Moscow, Russia, nyualex@psychol.ras.ru
Abstract
The present work is devoted to the analysis of electrical brain potentials related to reporting actions in sensory-motor task selection, where subjects were arbitrary or involuntarily estimated time between the presentation of the warning and start signals (PRS and PUS). In the pilot study on a computer screen with equal probability and randomly to two groups of subjects were presented two alternative signal of PUS – in the form of one and the same bright vertical stripes on a dark screen, but differing in time of appearance after the ORS (700 and 950 ms). The subjects of group 1 with the presentation of any alternative signal (PUS), pressing the same key, the difference in time between the presentation of the PRS and PUS they were not reported. Subjects of group 2 were informed about the difference between these time intervals, and they had to click on different keys as soon as possible, depending on the duration of the time interval between the PRS and PUS. It is shown that the duration of intervals between the warning and start signals influenced the response time as in group 1 and in group 2. It is observed changes in the characteristics of the negative wave (CNV) in group 2, developing the interval between the PRS and PUS, depending on changes in this interval. Found differences are interpreted on the basis of the assumption of the existence of different «levels» of evaluation of action results provided by different brain mechanisms.

Keywords: time, consciousness, system, EEG

Column: Psychophysiology

For Reference

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