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Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/exppsy

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2008

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The role of verbal expression in the comparison of objects in the subjective assessment of the degree of similarity 1291

Samoylenko E.S., Doctor of Psychology, Head of Laboratory of cognitive processes and mathematical psychology, Institute of psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, elena.samoylenko@gmail.com
Nosulenko V.N., PhD in Psychology, Chief Researcher, Laboratory of cognitive processes and mathematical psychology, Institute of Psychology, RAS, Moscow, Russia, valery.nosulenko@gmail.com
Melkumyan T.A., Psychologist, Graduate of the State Academic University of Human Sciences, Moscow, Russia, tamara.melkumyan@psyexp.ru
Abstract
The experimental study is dedicated to analysis of the role of free verbalization of similar or different characteristics of like and unlike art photographs in the subjective evaluation of the degree of similarity of these objects. We detected significant differences in the subjective assessments of similarity with the verbalization of similar characteristics in unlike images. However, a significant difference in subjective assessments of similarity of like images in situations of presence/absence of the procedure of verbalization was not revealed. We demonstrated the phenomenon of coupling of processes of verbalization of similarities and differences in pictures. It is shown that the ratio of representation of the classification and gradual way of verbalization are opposite in the situations of comparison of similar and dissimilar images. The advantage of using any particular mode of verbalization of differences of objects depends on degree of their subjective similarity.

Keywords: comparison, verbalization, evaluation, perception

Column: Cognitive Psychology

For Reference

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