Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2019. Vol. 12, no. 1)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

CrossRef

Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/exppsy

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2008

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Specifics of self-reflection in Achatina fulica 1079

Khvatov I.A., PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of General Psychology and History of Psychology, Moscow University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia, ittkrot1@gmail.com
Kharitonov A.N., PhD in Psychology, Senior Research Associate, Institute of Psychology, Leading Researcher, MSUPE, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, ankhome47@list.ru
Abstract
Perception of dimensions and limits of own body by Achatina fulica snails was studied experimentally by arranging their foraging behavior in a problem box, the feeder part of which was separated from the starting zone by a compartment with holes of different dimensions. In the process of the experimental task solution (finding way toward food through different holes), the snails appeared to be able to take into consideration the soft part of their bodies, i.e. they made no attempts to pass through the holes too narrow for their soft bodies. However, they were unable to take into consideration the parameters of their shells when the latter prevented them from penetration into the feeding compartment. The unceasing attempts to pass through the holes too narrow for their shells instead of moving along the paths they moved during successful attempts, suggest that the snails do not learn with every next trial. Our explanation is that the snails’ self-reflection is determined mainly by the instinctive mechanisms capable of flexible fine tuning into specific situations making skill formation overdue.

Keywords: psychic reflection, self-reflection, reflection of the environment, evolution and phylogeny of the psyche, molluscs, snail, cockroach

Column: Zoopsychology

For Reference

References
  1. Barabanschikov V. A. Vosprijatie i sobytie. SPb.: Aletejja, 2002.
  2. Zorina Z. A., Poletaeva I. I. Zoopsihologija: jelementarnoe myshlenie zhivotnyh: Uchebnoe posobie dlja vuzov. M.: Aspekt-Press, 2003.
  3. Leont'ev A. N. Problemy razvitija psihiki. Izd. 4-e. M.: Izd. MGU, 1981.
  4. Lomov B. F. Metodologicheskie i teoreticheskie problemy psihologii. M.: Nauka, 1999.
  5. Fabri K. Je. Osnovy zoopsihologii. Izd. 3-e. M.: UMK «Psihologija», 2004.
  6. Filippova G. G. Zoopsihologija i sravnitel'naja psihologija: Uchebnoe posobie dlja stud. vyssh. ucheb. zavedenij. M.: Izdatel'skij centr «Akademija», 2004.
  7. Hvatov I. A. «Obraz Ja» i «Ja-koncepcija» cheloveka v kontekste jevoljucii psihicheskogo otrazhenija // Mir psihologii. 2009. №4 (60). S. 164–173.
  8. Hvatov I. A. Osobennosti samootrazhenija u zhivotnyh na raznyh stadijah filogeneza: Avtoref. diss. ... kand. psihol. nauk. M., 2010 a.
  9. Hvatov I. A. Specifika samootrazhenija u vida Periplaneta americana // Jeksperimental'naja psihologija. 2011. T. 4. № 1. C. 28–40.
  10. Hvatov I. A. Jempiricheskoe issledovanie problemy filogeneticheskih predposylok stanovlenija samosoznanija // Znanie. Ponimanie. Umenie. 2010 b. № 2. S. 242–247.
  11. Chuprikova N. I. Umstvennoe razvitie: Princip differenciacii. SPb.: Piter, 2007.
  12. Gallup G. G.-Jr. Chimpanzees: Self-recognition // Science. 1970. №. 167. P. 86–87.
  13. Plotnik J. M., De Waal F. B. M., Reiss D. Self-recognition in an Asian elephant // PNAS November 7, 2006. V. 103. № 45. P. 17053–17057.
  14. Prior H., Schwarz A., Güntürkün O. Mirror-induced behavior in the magpie (Pica pica): evidence of self- recognition // PLoS Biology 2008. V. 6: e202.
  15. Reiss D., Marino L. Mirror self-recognition in the bottlenose dolphin: A case of cognitive convergence // PNAS. 2001. V. 98 № 10. P. 5937–5942.
comments powered by Disqus
 
About PsyJournals.ru

© 2007–2019 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube Яндекс.Метрика