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Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/exppsy

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2008

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The importance of the works of N.N. Ladygina-Kots for the development of modern studies of the behavior and psychic of animals (to the 125th anniversary of her birth) 1068

Zorina Z.A., Doctor of Biology, Professor, Head of the Laboratory of Physiology and Genetics of Behavior, Department of Higher Nervous Activity, Faculty of Biology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, zorina_z.a@mail.ru
Mandriko E.V., PhD in Biology, Research Associate, Laboratory of Physiology and Genetics of Behavior, Department of Higher Nervous Activity, Faculty of Biology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, pastuchvolk@gmail.com
Smirnova A.A., PhD in Biology, Senior Research Associate, Laboratory of Physiology and Genetics of Behavior, Department of Higher Nervous Activity, Faculty of Biology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, annsmirn@mail.ru
Abstract
We present an overview of works of N.N. Ladygina-Kots (1889-1963), an outstanding Russian zoopsychologist, who has made a fundamental contribution to the development of comparative psychology and ethology. We describe her studies of behavior and psychic of a baby chimpanzee (the first in science), in which she gave an exhaustive analysis of its species-specific repertoire, as well as features of perception, memory, etc. Subsequently, she carefully examined the same aspects of child’s behavior and mind, and compared these data in her book “Infant chimpanzee and human child” (1935), which still has not lost its significance and is widely cited in the world literature. In experiments on chimpanzees she first proved that the primates has the ability to generalize and abstraction, and during all her life, she consistently studied these and other grounds of thought in animals in different experimental models, considering them as “preconditions of human thought”.

Keywords: zoopsychology, comparative psychology, cognitive science, thought in animal, Ladygina-Kots, evolution of psychic, ontogeny of behavior and psychic, chimpanzee

Column: History of Experimental Psychology

For Reference

References
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