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Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/exppsy

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2008

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Open Access Journal

 

Monotropism of attention in autistic children

Stroganova T.A., Doctor in Biology, Professor, Head of MEG Center, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, stroganova56@mail.ru
Orekhova E.V., Ph.D. in Psychology, Leading Researcher, Laboratory for Interdisciplinary Autism Research, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, orekhova.elena.v@gmail.com
Galuta I.A., Laboratory for Interdisciplinary Autism Research, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, iliagaluta@gmail.com
Abstract
Detection of new events occurring outside the focus of attention is fundamental to adaptive functioning and is most critical when attention is focused elsewhere. The unattended novel sensory events may demand further analysis according to their task relevance and may appear important for survival. Behavioral findings reviewed in this article imply that brains of many people with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are, to a certain extent, impenetrable to such unattended but potentially salient changes in the immediate sensory environment. This deficit may lead to a spectrum of unusual behaviors that are typically observed in individuals with ASD, and, being considered from different perspectives, appear as arousal regulation problems, attention re-orienting difficulties or abnormal modulation of the behavioral response to sensory events.

Keywords: autism spectrum disorder (ASD), arousal, alerting, attention re-orienting, disengagement

Column: Psychology of Attention

For Reference

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