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Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/exppsy

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2008

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Open Access Journal

 

Comparison of the ability to mentalization in patients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective psychosis based on the methodology «Understanding the mental state of theeyes»

Kholmogorova A.B., Doctor in Psychology, Professor, Head of the Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Faculty of Psychological Counseling, MSUPE, Moscow, Russia, kholmogorova@yandex.ru
Moskacheva M.A., Junior Researcher, Laboratory of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, State Research Center for Social and Forensic Psychiatry named after V.P. Serbsky, Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow, Russia, moskacheva.m@gmail.com
Rychkova O.V., Doctor in Psychology, leading researcher at the Laboratory of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, State Research Center for Social and Forensic Psychiatry named after V.P. Serbsky, Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow, Russia, rychkovao@bk.ru
Pugovkina O.D., Ph.D. in Psychology, associate professor, department of clinical psychology and psychological counseling, Moscow research Institute of psychiatry – the branch of the «National Medical Research Centre of Psychiatry and Narcology named after V. P. Serbsky», Moscow, Russia, olgapugovkina@yandex.ru
Krasnova-Goleva V.V., Ph.D. in Psychology, esearch fellow of the laboratory of clinical psychology and psychotherapy, Moscow Research Institute of Psychiatry of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, v.kasnova@inbox.ru
Dolnykova A.A., Researcher, Laboratory of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, State Research Center for Social and Forensic Psychiatry named after V.P. Serbsky, Moscow, Russia, dolnyko@gmail.com
Tsarenko D.M., Ph.D. in Medicine, senior researcher, Laboratory of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, State Research Center for Social and Forensic Psychiatry named after V.P. Serbsky, Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow, Russia, dropship@rambler.ru
Rumyantseva Yu.M., Clinical psychologist, Psychiatric Hospital named after P.B. Gannushkin, Moscow, Russia, jacky-j@mail.ru
Abstract
We present the data of the survey of patients with schizophrenia, schizoaffective psychosis and a group of mentally healthy people using the test «Understanding the mental state of the eyes» («Eyes test») by Baron-Cohen, aimed at assessing the capacity for mentalization. We describe the procedure for selecting the most valid test cards for Russian sample of subjects. It is shown that the results of the test «Eyes» of schizoaffective disorder patients are intermediate between patients with schizophrenia and healthy subjects, 1. ability for mentalization they save more than patients with schizophrenia. The findings are discussed in the context of theoretical models of the spectrum of mental pathology. The data of the survey of patients and healthy subjects, additional procedures aimed at identifying the communication capacity for mentalization with the severity of psychopathology (Hospital scale questionnaire SCL-90-R) and social motivation in the form of focus on the contact with others and the ability to enjoy them (The scale of social avoidance and distress scale Brief fear of negative evaluation, social anhedonia scale), as well as focus on the mental and emotional sphere of life (Toronto alexithymia scale). Based on the correlation analysis of the data concludes that there is a statistically significant inverse association between the ability to mentalization, on the one hand, and the severity of psychopathology and the reduction of social orientation – on the other

Keywords: mentalization, schizophrenia, schizoaffective psychosis, schizophrenia spectrum, the spectrum model, the definition of the mental state of the eyes, social motivation, social anhedonia, social anxiety

Column: Psychodiagnostics

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2015080310

For Reference

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