Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice About PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2019. Vol. 12, no. 1)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

CrossRef

Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/exppsy

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2008

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Recognition of blurred images of facial emotional expression in apparent movement

Barabanschikov V.A., Doctor in Psychology, Head of Center for Experimental Psychology, MSUPE, Moscow, Russia, vladimir.barabanschikov@gmail.com
Korolkova O.A., Ph.D. in Psychology, Senior Research Associate, Center for Experimental Psychology, MSUPE, Moscow, Russia, olga.kurakova@gmail.com
Lobodinskaya E.A., teacher, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Moscow, Russia, elena.lobodinskaya@gmail.com
Abstract
We studied the influence of the apparent (stroboscopic) movements on the perception of facial expressions of basic expressions of defocused images. Varied factors were modality of expression, context, time of exposure and the degree of the face blurring. We found that under conditions of stroboscopic exposure, high-attractive face expressions (happiness, surprise) and a neutral face are most adequately perceived by observers, and the relative accuracy of their recognition in all stimulus situation does not change. Adequacy recognition of low-attractive expressions (disgust, sadness, fear and anger) depends on the duration of exposure of the face and the extent of its blurring. At low (20 pixels) and intermediate (40 pixels) levels of blur and reduced exposure times (up to 100 or 50 ms), the relative accuracy of recognition falls (the effect of stroboscopic masking), but strong (60 pixels) blurring and the minimum time (50 ms) exposure increase the relative accuracy (stroboscopic effect of sensitization). Stroboscopic effect sensitization indicates partial similarity of the influence of real and apparent changes in facial expressions to recognition of the emotional expression.

Keywords: emotional expression, face perception, unfocused (blurred) image, visual masking, apparent (stroboscopic) movement, stroboscopic sensitization effect, facial expressions perceptual genesis

Column: Psychology of Perception

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2015080402

For Reference

References
  1. Aguado L., Serrano-Pedraza I., Garcia-Gutierrez A. A comparison of backward masking of faces in expression and gender identification. Psicologica, 2014, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 171-194.
  2. Ambadar Z., Schooler J.W., Cohn J.F. Deciphering the Enigmatic Face: The Importance of Facial Dynamics in Interpreting Subtle Facial Expressions. Psychological Science, 2005, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 403-410. doi: 10.1111/j .0956-7976.2005.01548.x
  3. Barabanschikov V.A. Vospriyatie vyrazhenii litsa [Perception of facial expressions]. Moscow, «Institut psikhologii RAN» Publ., 2009.448 c. (In Russ.).
  4. Barabanschikov V.A. Ekspressii litsa i ikh vospriyatie [Expression of the face and their perception]. Moscow, «Institut psikhologii RAN» Publ., 2012 (In Russ.).
  5. Barabanschikov V.A., Khoze E.G. Vospriyatie ekspressii litsa, obuslovlennykh ego konfiguratsiei [The perception of facial expressions determined by its configuration]. In K.I. Anan’eva, V.A. Barabanschikov, A. A. Demidov (eds.), Litso cheloveka v nauke, iskusstve ipraktike [The human face in science, art and practice], Moscow, Kogito-Tsentr Publ., 2014 a, pp. 159-181 (In Russ.).
  6. Barabanschikov V.A., Korolkova O.A., Lobodinskaya E.A. Rol’ kazhushchegosya dvizheniya v vospriyatii emotsional’nykh sostoyanii litsa [The role of the apparent movement in the perception of the emotional states of a person]. In K.I. Anan’eva, V.A. Barabanschikov, A.A. Demidov (eds.), Litso cheloveka v nauke, iskusstve i praktike [The human face in science, art and practice], Moscow, Kogito-Tsentr Publ., 2014 a, pp. 139-158 (In Russ.).
  7. Barabanschikov V.A., Korolkova O.A., Lobodinskaya E.A. Vliyanie kazhushchegosya dvizheniya na raspoznavanie emotsional’nykh ekspressii litsa [Influence of apparent movement to recognition of facial emotional expression]. In V.T. Kudryavtsev (ed.), Myshlenie i rech’:podkhody,problemy, resheniya: Materialy XV Mezhdunarodnykh chtenii pamyati L.S. Vygotskogo. Moskva, 17-21 noyabrya 2014 g., vol. 1 [Thought and Speech: approaches, problems and solutions: Materials of the XV International readings in memory of L.S. Vygotsky. Moscow, 17-21 November2014]. Moscow, Lev Publ., 2014 b, pp. 87-93 (In Russ.).
  8. Barabanschikov V.A., Korolkova O.A., Lobodinskaya E.A. Raspoznavanie emotsional’nykh ekspressii litsa v usloviyakh stroboskopicheskoi ekspozitsii [Recognition of facial emotional expression in a stroboscopic exposure]. In V. A. Barabanschikov (ed.), Estestvenno-nauchnyipodkhod v sovremennoipsikhologii [Scientific approach in modem psychology], Moscow, «Institut psikhologii RAN» Publ., 2014 c, pp. 371-378 (In Russ.).
  9. Barabanschikov V.A., Korolkova O.A., Lobodinskaya E.A. Tochnost’ i slozhnost’ resheniya zadach na raspoznavanie emotsional’nykh vyrazhenii litsa [The accuracy and complexity of the recognition of emotional facial expressions]. In Tvorchestvo: nauka, iskusstvo, zhizn’: Materialy Vserossiiskoi nauchnoi konferentsii, posvyashchennoi 95-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya Ya. A. Ponomareva, IP RAN, 24-25 sentyabrya 2015 g. [ Creativity: science, art, life: Proceedings of the Scientific Conference dedicated to the 95th anniversary of YaA. Ponomarev, IP RAN, 24-25 September 2015]. Moscow, «Institut psikhologii RAN» Publ., 2015 a, pp. 41-44 (In Russ.).
  10.  Barabanschikov V.A., Korolkova O.A., Lobodinskaya E.A. Verbalizatsii emotsional’nykh ekspressii litsa v usloviyakh maskirovki i kazhushchegosya dvizheniya [Verbalization of facial emotional expression during masking and apparent motion]. In N.B. Karabushchenko, N.L. Sungurova (eds.), Aktual’nyeproblemy psikhologii i pedagogiki v sovremennom mire: sbomik nauchnykh trudov uchastnikov II Mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii. Moskva, RUDN, 23-24 aprelya 2015 g. [Actual problems of psychology andpedagogy in the modem world: Proceedings of the participants of the II International Scientific and Practical Conference. Moscow People’s Friendship University, 23-24 April 2015]. Moscow: RUDN Publ., 2015b, pp. 124-127 (In Russ.).
  11. Barabanschikov V.A., Korolkova O.A., Lobodinskaya E.A. Vospriyatie emotsional’nykh ekspressii litsa pri ego maskirovke i kazhushchemsya dvizhenii [Perception of facial expressions during masking and apparent motion]. Eksperimental’nayapsikhologiya [ExperimentalPsychology (Russia)], 2015 c, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 7-27 (In Russ.; abstr. in Engl.).
  12. Barabanschikov V. A., Zhegallo A.V., Ivanova L.A. Raspoznavanie ekspressii perevemutogo izobrazheniya litsa [Recognition of expression of inverted face image]. Eksperimental’naya psikhologiya [Experimental Psychology (Russia)], 2010, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 66-83 (In Russ.; abstr. in Engl.).
  13. Barabanschikov V.A., Zhegallo A.V., Khrisanfova L.A. Pertseptogenez ekspressii litsa [Perceptual genesis of a facial expression]. In V.A Barabanschikov, E.S. Samoilenko (eds.), Obshchenieipoznanie [Communication and Cognition]. Moscow, «Institut psikhologii RAN» Publ., 2007, pp. 44-83 (In Russ.).
  14. Bassili J.N. Facial motion in the perception of faces and of emotional expression .Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 1978, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 373-379. doi: 10.1037/0096­1523.4.3.373
  15. Bruce V., Valentine T. When a nod’s as good as a wink: The role of dynamic information in facial recognition. In M.M. Gruneberg, P. Morris, R.N. Sykes (eds.), Practical aspects of memory: Current research and issues (Vol. 1). Chichester, UK, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1988, pp. 169-174.
  16. Cunningham D.W., Wallraven C. Dynamic information for the recognition of conversational expressions. Journal of Vision, 2009, vol. 9, no. 13, pp. 1-17. doi: 10.1167/9.13.7
  17. Dzhafarov E. N., Allik Yu. K., Linde N. D., Pyastolov V. K. Sravnenie chastotno-amplitudnykh porogovykh krivykh dlya real’nogo i stroboskopicheskogo dvizheniya [Comparing the frequency-amplitude threshold curves for the real and the stroboscopic movement]. Psikhologicheskii zhumal [Psychological Journal], 1981, no. 2, pp. 73-78 (In Russ.).
  18. Fiorentini C., Viviani P. Is there a dynamic advantage for facial expressions? Journal of Vision, 2011, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 1-15. doi: 10.1167/11.3.17
  19. Gibson J.J. The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1979 (Russ, ed.: Gibson Dzh. Ekologicheskiipodkhod k zritel’nomu vospriyatiyu. Moscow, Progress Publ., 1988).
  20. Harris J.A., Wu C.-Т., Woldorff M.G. Sandwich masking eliminates both visual awareness of faces and face-specific brain activity through a feedforward mechanism. Journal of Vision, 2011, vol. 11, no. 7, pp. 1-12. doi: 10.1167/11.7.3
  21. Katsyri J., Sams M. The effect of dynamics on identifying basic emotions from synthetic and natural faces. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 2008, vol. 66, no. 4, pp. 233-242. doi: 10.1016/j. ijhcs.2007.10.001
  22. Langner O., Dotsch R., Bijlstra G., Wigboldus D.H.J., Hawk S.T., Knippenberg A. van. Presentation and validation of the Radboud Faces Database. Cognition & Emotion, 2010, vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 1377-1388. doi: 10.1080/02699930903485076
  23. Linde N.D., Sokolov A.N. Obnaruzhenie dvizheniya i lokalizatsiya obyekta v prostranstve [Motion detection and localization of an object in space]. Psikhologicheskii zhumal \Psychological Journal], 1986, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 139-142 (In Russ.).
  24. Marr D. Vision: A Computational Investigation into the Human Representation and Processing of Visual Information. New York: Freeman, 1982 (Russ, ed.: Marr D. Zrenie. Informatsionnyi podkhod k izucheniyu predstavleniya i obrabotki zritel’nykh obrazov. Moscow, Radio i svyaz’ Publ., 1987).
  25. Ul’man Sh. Printsipy vospriyatiya podvizhnykh obyektov: Universitetskii kurs [Principles of perception of moving objects: University course]. Moscow, Radio i svyaz’ Publ., 1983 (In Russ.).
  26. Wehrle Т., Kaiser S., Schmidt S., Scherer K.R. Studying the dynamics of emotional expression using synthesized facial muscle movements. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2000, vol. 78, no. 1, pp. 105-119. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.78.1.105
  27. Zebrowitz L.A. Ecological and Social Approaches to Face Perception. In A.J. Calder et al. (ed.). The Oxford Handbook of Face Perception. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2011. Pp. 31-50. doi: 10.1093/ oxfordhb/9780199559053.013.0003
comments powered by Disqus
 
About PsyJournals.ruLaureate of the XIV National psychological contest «Golden Psyche» at the results of 2012

© 1997–2019 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube Яндекс.Метрика