Previous issue (2019. Vol. 12, no. 2)
Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)
The influence of categorization level on inductive reasoning in two and three-year children 977
, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Laboratory for cognitive research, Department of Psychology, National Research University 'Higher School of Economics', Moscow, Russia, email@example.comKotova T.N.
, PhD in Psychology, Senior Research Fellow, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org
Previous studies using the method of successive touches show that children under fifteen years tend to take up the objects from the same category in a row, if they represent categories differing on a superordinate level, but do it at random if the difference between the categories is on base level. These results are considered to be the evidence of an earlier development of superordinate categories, compared to the basic ones. In our experiment, we asked the two and three year old children to fulfill an inductive reasoning task after using the method of successive touches. We found that the two-year children after the categorization of objects with the superordinate contrast performed more successfully on inductive inference task than with contrast at a basic level. The three-year children were successful in the implementation of the inductive inference task after any categorization experience. The results prove that the superordinate category in two year old children appear before the categories of the basic level and facilitate learning a new categorical information.
- Anglin J.M. Word, object, and conceptual development. New York, W. W.
Norton, 1977.303 p. doi:10.1017/ s0305000900002154
- Behl-Chadha G. Basic-level and superordinate-like categorical
representations in early infancy. Cognition, 1996, no. 60, pp. 105-141. doi:
- Cohen L. B., Caputo N. Instructing infants to respond to perceptual
categories. Paper presented at the Midwestern Psychological Association
Convention (May, Chicago), 1987, pp. 24-31.
- Eimas P. D., Quinn R. C. Studies on the formation of perceptually based
basic-level categories in young infants. Child Development, 1994, no. 65, pp.
- Horton M. S., Markman E. M. Developmental differences in the acquisition of
basic and superordinate categories. Child Development, 1980, no. 51, pp.
708-719. doi:10.2307/l 129456
- James W. The principles of psychology. Cambridge, Harvard University Press,
1981.1376 p. doi:10.1037/ 11059-000
- Mandler J. M. Perceptual and conceptual processes in infancy. Journal of
Cognition and Development, 2000, no. 1, pp. 3-36.
- Mandler J. М., McDonough L. Concept formation in infancy. Cognitive
Development, 1993, no. 8, pp. 291-318. doi: 10.1016/s0885-2014(93)80003-c
- Mandler J. М., McDonough L. Drinking and driving don’t mix: Inductive
generalization in infancy. Cognition, 1996, vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 307-335.
- Mandler J. М., McDonough L. Studies in inductive inference in infancy.
Cognitive Psychology, 1998, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 60-96.
- Mandler J. М., Bauer P.J., McDonough L. Separating the sheep from the
goats: Differentiating global categories. Cognitive Psychology, 1991, no. 23,
pp. 263-298. doi:10.1016/0010-0285(91)90011-c
- Mandler J. М., Fivush R., Reznick J. S. The development of contextual
categories. Cognitive Development, 1987, no. 2, pp. 339-354.
- Mervis C.B., Rosch E. Categorization of natural objects. Annual Review of
Psychology, 1981, no. 32, pp. 89-115. doi:
- Murphy G.Thebigbookof concepts. Cambridge, MIT Press, 2002.568р.
- Oakes L., Plumert J. Variability in thirteen-month-old infants’ touching
patterns in the sequential- touching task. Infant Behavior and Development,
2002, no. 25, pp. 529-549. doi:10.1016/s0163-6383(02 00149-2
- Oakes L. М., Coppage D. J., Dingel A. By land or by sea: the role of
perceptual similarity in infants’ categorization of animals. Developmental
Psychology, 1997, no. 33, pp. 396-407. doi: 10.1037/001216126.96.36.1996
- Perry L. K. To have and to hold: looking vs. touching in the study of
categorization. Frontiers in Psychology, 2015, no. 6.
- Quinn P. C., Eimas P. D., Rosenkrantz S. L. Evidence for representations of
perceptually similar natural categories by 3-month-old and 4-month-old infants.
Perception, 1993, no. 22, pp. 463-475. doi:10.1068/ p220463
- Rosch E. Principles of categorization. In E. Margolis, L. Stephen (eds.),
Concepts: core readings. Cambridge, MIT Press, 1999, pp. 189-206.
- Rosch E., Mervis С. B., Gray W., Johnson D., Boyes-Braem P. Basic objects
in natural categories. Cognitive Psychology, 1976, no. 8, pp. 382-439.
- Ruff H. Components of attention during infants’manipulative exploration.
Child Development, 1986, no. 57, pp. 105-114.
- Stahl A. E., Feigenson L. Observing the unexpected enhances infants’
learning and exploration. Science, 2015, no. 348(6230), pp. 91-94.