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Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/exppsy

Started in 2008

Published quarterly

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Open Access Journal

 

Modifying body schemata in skinks Tiliqua gigas

Khvatov I.A., Ph.D. in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of General Psychology and History of Psychology, Moscow University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia, ittkrot@mail.ru
Sokolov A.Yu., Ph.D. in Biology, Senior Researcher, ANO Living Earth Laboratory and Studio, Moscow, Russia, apophis-king@mail.ru
Kharitonov A.N., Ph.D. in Psychology, Senior Research Associate, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leading Researcher, MSUPE, Moscow, Russia, ankhome47@list.ru
Abstract
Body schemata in skinks Tiliqua gigas were studied using a procedure in which the animals had to take into account the enlarged limits of their bodies while finding way through the holes of different diameters in the experimental setup. The skinks were demonstrated the ability to learn to take into account the natural limits of their bodies when interacting with environmental objects, and, when the limits of their bodies were changed, to modify the body schema, that is, to take into account the increase in their body size for orientation in the environment. The experimental index of the schema modification was the reduction of number of unsuccessful attempts to put the head into the holes through which their previously unmodified body could penetrate. The skinks also demonstrated the ability to transfer the previously formed habit to a new situation with changed positions of the holes.

Keywords: phylogeny of the psyche, self-reflection, body scheme, insects, rats, reptiles, lizards, skinks Tiliqua gigas

Column: Comparative Psychology

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2016090305

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