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Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/exppsy

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Manifestation of the emotional states of children, brought up in family and orphanage, and their recognition by adults

Frolova O.V., Post-Graduate Student, Assistant, Chair of Clinical Psychology, «Dubna» University, Dubna, Russia, frolca@mail.ru
Lyakso E.E., Doctor in Biology, Professor, St. Petersburg State University, St. Peterburg, Russia, Moscow, Russia, lyakso@gmail.com
Abstract
A comparative study of the manifestations of the emotional state in vocalizations, speech, and facial expression of children during the first three years of life, healthy (n = 30) and with neurological disorders (n = 20), brought up at family and children brought up in orphanage (n = 26) was conducted. The ability of recognition the different emotional states of children by two groups of adults (experts with professional experience working with children and adults who do not have children) were shown. The common pattern of recognition of the child’s emotional state was found: the best recognition of the state of discomfort on the basis of sound signals, and calm state and the joy on the basis of face expression. The accuracy of child’s emotional state recognition by adults increased with child age. Adults more likely recognized the emotional state of healthy typically developing children; the worst recognition was found for children from orphanage. This work was supported by grants: RFHR N 13-06-00041а, N 17-06- 00503а, RFBR N 16-06-00024а, N 15-06-07852a.

Keywords: manifestation of emotional states, neurological disorders, deprivation, perceptual analysis, acoustic characteristics, facial expression

Column: Psychology of Emotions

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2017100108

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