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Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/exppsy

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Investigating wordʼs semantic component with qualitative analysis

Grigor’ev A.A., Doctor in Philosophy, main researcher of the laboratory of psychology and psychophysiology of creativity, Institute of psychology RAS, Moscow, Russia, andrey4002775@yandex.ru
Ushakova T.N., Ph.D. in Psychology, Editor-in-chief of the journal "Psychology" published by the State University "Higher School of Economics". Chief researcher at, Member of Russian Academy of Education, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Science, Moscow, Russia, tn.ushakova@gmail.com
Abstract
Present study investigates word’s semantic component with qualitative analysis. Materials of the dictionary of associative reactions of schoolchildren 7—18 years old were used as data for analysis (Goldin et al., 2011). Associative circles of ten words-stimuli were analyzed, five with positive connotations and five with a negative one. Associate circle of each word-stimulus had different dimensions of semantic components of a word: knowledge about the world, abiyt the language and affective connotations of the word. Using the frequency of usage of these semantic elements of the word we analyzed statistic significance of differences between positivity and negativity and between different age groups. Several statistically significant differences were found. Positive stimuli more often caused the reaction of refusal, and less often — synonymous reaction. The percentage of refusal, the frequency of associations, which are grammatical modifications of words-stimuli and frequency of “consonant” associations, both diminish with age; the frequency of synonymous associations increases. The developmental dynamics of these four indexes was described for each word-stimulus

Keywords: semantic aspect of words, quantitative assessment, association, developmental dynamics

Column: Psychosemantics

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2017100302

For Reference

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