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Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036


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The effect of geriatric status on the subjective speed of time in elderly

Melehin A.I., Сlinical psychologist, Russian Gerontology Clinical Research Center, Moscow, Russia,
The changes in the subjective passage of time at a later age is polyetiological and polymorphism. In this regard, the aim of this study is to investigate the nature of the impact of changes in geriatric status on the subjective speed of time flow at a old age. The study involved three groups of respondents: 55— 60 years — 120 people (17 men and 103 women, of 56.6±1.8 years); 61—74 years — 120 people (13 men and 107 women, 66,7±3.9 years) and 75—90 years — 50 (11 men and 39 women of 79.4±3.5 years). Research methods were divided into diagnostic units, focused on comprehensive geriatric assessment of the health status, as well as evaluating the specificity of the subjective speed of time in daily activities, past and present, and different ages of respondents. It is shown that in contrast to the chronological, subjective assessment of the age allows to detail the range of changes in the subjective passage of time at a old age. Older people who evaluated their subjective age, there has been rapid over time. When assessing subjective age chronological age is identical to the observed uncertainty in the rating of the subjective speed of time flow. Those respondents who evaluated their subjective age over chronological age noted the slow passage of time. It is shown that the level of education, status, social resources (work and family status), changes in geriatric status (polymorbidity, cognitive functioning, symptoms of depression and subjective feelings of loneliness), a subjective age are the predictors that determine the subjective speed of time flow at a old age.

Keywords: subjective time, perception of time, bradyphrenia, mental time travel, comprehensive geriatric assessment, subjective age, elderly, old age

Column: Gerontopsychology


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