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Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/exppsy

Started in 2008

Published quarterly

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Open Access Journal

 

The role of executive functions and working memory subsystems in the formation of the mental set

Vladimirov I.Yu., Ph.D. in Psychology, associate professor, Department of General Psychology, P.G. Demidov Yaroslavl State University, Yaroslavl, Russia, kein17@mail.ru
Karpov A.V., Doctor in Psychology, Corresponding Member of RAE, Professor, Dean of the Faculty of Psychology, Head of the Department of Labor and Organizational Psychology, P. G. Demidov Yaroslavl State University, Yaroslavl, Russia, anvikar56@yandex.ru
Lazareva N.Y., PhD student, P.G. Demidov Yaroslavl State University, Yaroslavl, Russia, lazareva_natasha93@mail.ru
Abstract
The present paper investigates the problem of mechanisms of the development of the effect of mental set, which is at the core of the processes of the implicit learning, development of the experience and solving creative tasks. As such mechanisms we investigate the change of the parameters of functioning of executive control and working memory subsystems. As a result of an experimental study, based on modified tasks by A. Luchins, it was found that mechanisms of the development of the effect of mental set have a systematic nature and include such factors as the change of the parameters of the executive functions and the specifics of the processing and storage of information in modality-specific blocks of the working memory. The role of the executive control is dual: it is necessary for keeping in the sphere of the attention the operations during their automatization, and at the same it, it makes the automatized scheme conscient by destructing the developed effect of the mental set. The executive control plays a role of the element which sets the structure of mechanisms of the development and overcoming of the mental set effect. Processes which proceed during the information processing in working memory subsystems also play an important role in the development of the mental set effect, however their nature requires supplementary research.

Keywords: mental set, executive functions, working memory subsystems, insight, implicit learning, expert knowledge

Column: Cognitive Psychology

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2018110303

For Reference

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