Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice About PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2019. Vol. 12, no. 1)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

CrossRef

Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/exppsy

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2008

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Emotion congruence in the perception of ambiguous facial expressions

Lusin D.V., Ph.D. in Education, senior researcher, laboratory of psychology and psychophysiology of creativity, The Institute of Psychology, the Russian Academy of Science, Moscow, Russia, ooch@mail.ru
Kozhukhova Y.A., Ph.D. in Psychology, Associate Professor, Institute for Social Sciences, RANEPA, Moscow, Russia, yuliyak@list.ru
Suchkova E.A., Intern-Researcher, Institute for Cognitive Neuroscience, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, suchkova.e.a@yandex.ru
Abstract
Emotion congruence in emotion perception is manifested in increasing sensitivity to the emotions corresponding to the perceiver’s emotional state. In this study, an experimental procedure that robustly generates emotion congruence during the perception of ambiguous facial expressions has been developed. It was hypothesized that emotion congruence will be stronger in the early stages of perception. In two experiments, happiness and sadness were elicited in 69 (mean age 20.2, 57 females) and 58 (mean age 18.2, 50 females) participants. Then they determined what emotions were present in the ambiguous faces. The duration of stimulus presentation varied for the analysis of earlier and later stages of perception. The effect of emotion congruence was obtained in both experiments: happy participants perceived more happiness and less sadness in ambiguous facial expression compared to sad participants. Stimulus duration did not influence emotion congruence. Further studies should focus on the juxtaposition of the models connecting the emotion congruence mechanisms either with perception or with response generation.

Keywords: emotion perception, emotion congruence, emotion elicitation

Column: Psychology of Emotions

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2019120103

Funding

The article was prepared within the framework of the Basic Research Program at the National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE) and with financial support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, grant 18-013-01221.

For Reference

References
  1. Kozhuhova Yu.A., Lyusin D.V. Rol’ emotsional’nyh chert nablyudatelya pri vospriyatii emotsional’nyh lits na rannem etape pererabotki informatsii [The role of the perceiver’s emotional traits in the perception of emotional faces at the early stage of processing]. Psihologicheskij zhurnal [Psychological Journal]. 2016. Vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 37—46. (In Russ.).
  2. Lyusin D.V. Opyt razrabotki samootchyotnoj metodiki dlya otsenki emotsional’nyh sostoyanij [Development of a new measure for the assessment of emotional states]. In: Myshlenie i rech’: podhody, problemy, resheniya [Thinking and speech: Approaches, problems, decisions]. Ed. by V.T. Kudryavtsev. Vol. 1. Moscow: Lev, 2014, pp. 136—139. (In Russ.).
  3. Bouhuys A.L., Bloem G.M., Groothuis T.G. Induction of depressed and elated mood by music influences the perception of facial emotional expressions in healthy subjects // Journal of Affective Disorders. 1995. V. 33. P. 215—226.
  4. Chentsova Dutton Y. E., Parrott G., Lyusin D. Culture and Perceived Functions of Sadness // 14th Annual Meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology. 2013. New Orleans, Louisiana, USA.
  5. Direnfeld D.M., Roberts J.E. Mood congruent memory in dysphoria: The roles of state affect and cognitive style // Behaviour Research and Therapy. 2006. V. 44. P. 1275—1285.
  6. Garg N., Inman J.J., Mittal V. Incidental and task-related affect: A re-inquiry and extension of the influence of affect on choice // Journal of Consumer Research. 2005. V. 32. № 1. P. 154—159.
  7. Lerner J.S., Keltner D. Fear, anger, and risk // Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2001. V. 81. № 1. P. 146—159.
  8. Murray B.D., Holland, A.C., & Kensinger E.A. Episodic memory and emotion // Handbook of cognition and emotion. 2013. С. 156—75.
  9. Niedenthal P.M., Halberstadt J.B., Margolin J., Innes-Ker A.H. Emotional state and the detection of change in facial expression of emotion // European Journal of Social Psychology. 2000. Vol. 30. P. 211—222.
  10. Qiao-Tasserit E., Garcia Quesada M., Antico L., Bavelier D., Vuilleumier P., Pichon S. Transient emotional events and individual affective traits affect emotion recognition in a perceptual decision-making task // PLoS ONE 12(2): e0171375. 2017. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0171375
  11. Rusting C.L. Personality, mood, and cognitive processing of emotional information: Three conceptual frameworks // Psychological Bulletin. 1998. V. 124. № 2. P. 165—196.
  12. Schmid P.C., Schmid Mast M. Mood effects on emotion recognition // Motivation and Emotion. 2010. V. 34. P. 288—292.
  13. Schwarz N., Clore G.L. Mood as information: 20 years later // Psychological inquiry. 2003. Vol. 14. P.296-303. doi: 10.1080/1047840X.2003.9682896
  14. Schiffenbauer A. Effect of observer’s emotional state on judgments of the emotional state of others // Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1974. V. 30 (1). P. 31—35. doi:10.1037/h0036643
  15. Tottenham N., Tanaka J.W., Leon A.C., McCarry T., Nurse M., Hare T.A., et al. The NimStim set of facial expressions: Judgments from untrained research participants // Psychiatry Research. 2009. Vol. 168. P. 242—249
comments powered by Disqus
 
About PsyJournals.ruLaureate of the XIV National psychological contest «Golden Psyche» at the results of 2012

© 1997–2019 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube Яндекс.Метрика