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Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/exppsy

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2008

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Models and methods for the study of information processing in the processes of naming the subject and relating the name to the subject 231

Mikadze Yu.V., Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Chair of neuropsychology and abnormal psychology, Department of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, ymikadze@yandex.ru
Chernorizov A.M., Doctor of Psychology, Head of the Department of Psychophysiology, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, amchern53@mail.ru
Skvortsov A.A., PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Neuropsychology, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, skwortsow@mail.ru
Pilecheva A.V., Specialist of the Department of Physical Education and Sport, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, adita2010@yandex.ru
Troshina E.M., PhD in Biology, Head of the Laboratory of Clinical Neurophysiology, Autonomous Institution «N.N. Burdenko National Scientific and Practical Center for Neurosurgery» of the Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation named after the academician Nikolay Nilovich Burdenko, Moscow, Russia, etroshina@nsi.ru
Isaichev S.A., PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor at the Department of Psychophysiology, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, isaychev@mail.ru
Abstract
Psychological structure and brain organization of information processing processes “on the way” from an object to a word denoting it and back — from a word to an object denoted by it, at first glance, should coincide in the composition of their components and differ only in the sequence of their activation. However, clinical evidence is contrary to this assumption. Thus, the phenomenon of “anomie,” that is, the difficulty of naming a visually presented object, can be combined with the absence of difficulty in choosing the desired object by its name. Studies of the causes of such dissociation are based on the use of neurocognitive and psycholinguistic models of speech activity, within which different schemes for organizing information processing processes are proposed. The article is devoted to a brief analysis of the basic provisions of these models and a review of modern neuropsychological, psycho-and neuro-linguistic methods of their experimental verification.

Keywords: neuropsychology, psychophysiology, neurophysiology, EEG, central nervous system, speech function, aphasia, nomination, denotation

Column: Neuropsychology

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2019120112

Funding

The study was supported by The Russian Foundation for Basic Research according to the research project № 18-013-00655.

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