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Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/exppsy

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2008

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Eye-tracking and cognitive monitoring as the methods of insight process objectification 300

Vladimirov I.Yu., PhD in Psychology, associate professor, Department of General Psychology, P.G. Demidov Yaroslavl State University, Yaroslavl, Russia, kein17@mail.ru
Chistopolskaya A.V., PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of General Psychology, P.G. Demidov Yaroslavl State University, Yaroslavl, Russia, chistosasha@mail.ru
Abstract
Current article highlights the results of the research of specific mechanisms of insight problem solving. It is based on the analysis of eye movement record data made by eye-tracker. The recorded data included average pupil diameter [mm] and fixation duration [ms]; the distribution of averaged eye movement values within the areas of interest during the manipulations with problem space was analyzed. The eye movement data was compared to the cognitive monitoring method data. The specificity of insight problems in comparison with non-insight (algorithmized) problems was validated. Several qualitative features of insight problem solving and the organization of problem space were revealed. Additionally, the priority of visual processing during insight problem solving was discovered: fixation duration increased in the “main problem” AOI.

Keywords: average pupil diameter, fixation duration, eye-tracking, insight problem, working memory, monitoring, microdynamics, resource competition

Column: Research Methods

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2019120113

Funding

The study was supported by Russian Scientific Foundation project 16-18-10030, the grant of Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, 25.5666.2017/8.9, and RFBR, project 14-06-00441а.

For Reference

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