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Experimental Psychology (Russia)

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2072-7593

ISSN (online): 2311-7036

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/exppsy

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2008

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Subjective quality of life and psychological adaptation of individuals with low, normal and high level of escapism 386

Teslavskaia O.I., research fellow of the Center for risk monitoring and social-psychological support, Academy of Public Administration, Moscow, Russia, teslavskaia@gmail.com
Savchenko T.N., PhD in Psychology, leading researcher of the Laboratory of psychology of cognitive processes and mathematical psychology, Institute of Psychology of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, t.n.savchenko@mail.ru
Abstract
The article presents the results of a study of Subjective quality of life and Psychological adaptation level among individuals with low, normal and high level of Escapism (N=329, 18-52 years old Russians from big cities). Four tests were applied including the new Escapism Scale. Individual with high level of Escapism have lower Subjective quality of life in several parameters — Stability in Country, Confidence in Future, Ecology, Social recognition, Interesting Job, Health and Active life, Internal Harmony and Inner Conflict absence, Privacy (as a Personal Space), Self-Confidence, (Subjective well-being Questionnaire, T. Savchenko, G. Golovina). ‘Excessive’ escapists also demonstrate lower level of psychological adaptation including Self-acceptance, Loyalty, Internality, Emotional Comfort, Intention to dominate (SPA Questionnaire, C. Rogers, R. Diamond). Because of that, Escapism can be characterized mainly as a compensational mechanism which emerges due to the reduced level of an individual’s adaptation to his/her social environment. The consistence of theoretical layout and empirical data obtained confirm the validity of presented Escapism Scale and its applicability for further empirical research.

Keywords: escapism, psychological adaptation, subjective quality of life, avoidance, coping, addiction, hobby, leisure activities

Column: Empirical research

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2019120212

Funding

This work was supported by grant RFH № 16-06-01085.

For Reference

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