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  Previous issue (2019. Vol. 8, no. 2)

Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-4977

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/jmfp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2012

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Features of brain functioning in bilinguals while performing speech and general cognitive tasks 1881

Novitskiy N.Yu., PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Centre for Cognition and Decision Making, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, nnovitskiy@hse.ru
Abstract
This article gives an overview of the current status of the problem of plastic brain changes in connection with the study of a foreign language. It links learning of languages with bilingualism, which is a widespread phenomenon in contemporary world. Recent surveys indicate that learning and using additional languages has a direct impact on the overall human cognitive functions whose mechanisms are relatively unknown. In this regard, the most important challenge facing the world today is neuro-biological mechanisms of interaction of languages in the brain of a bilingual and their impact on verbal and nonverbal brain function. Despite the large amount of experimental material on this issue, the data remains controversial, and many authors put under question the existence of such benefits. Possible reason for the discrepancy is a great heterogeneity among bilinguals. In conclusion the article stresses the importance of research of cognitive control in bilinguals in different groups of bi-and multilingual subjects.

Keywords: language, speech, bilingualism, cognitive control

Column: Neurosciences

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/jmfp.2016050408

For Reference

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