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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR

 

The method of stage-by-stage formation in the history of Russian psychology

Liders A.G., Ph.D. in Psychology, Associate professor at the Age psychology department of The Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Frolov Ju.I., Ph.D. in Psychology, Associate professor at the Age psychology department of the Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Abstract
The article is an attempt to show that the method of stage-by-stage formation developed from the experimental-genetic method. The method of stage-by-stage formation reveals the conditions, in which the transition from non-mental to mental, from inter-mental to intra-mental form is carried through. The article describes the systems of transition conditions and gives A.N. Leontiev's study on memory as an example of experimental-genetic method implementation. In that study, the researcher interferes in the processes he examines, guiding and activating further development, which makes it possible to judge the ways and factors of such development. The role of the researcher is active in both methods: s/he is the "designer" of examined changes. Both methods require that the researcher has a hypothetic notion of the genesis and development of mental process in its "natural" conditions, as well as notions of its characteristics that will only be developed in laboratory conditions by means of guided formation. The authors conclude that

Keywords: experimental-genetic method, method of stage-by-stage formation, mental actions, mental processes, L.S. Vygotsky, P.Ya. Gal'perin, history of psychology, methodology of psychology

Column: The Problem Of Development

For Reference

References
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  2. Vygotsky L.S. Konkretnaya psihologiya cheloveka // Vestn. MGU. Seriya Psihologiya. 1986. № 1.
  3. Gal'perin P.Ya. Metod, fakty i teorii o psihologii formirovaniya umstvennyh deistvii i ponyatii // Problemy psihicheskogo razvitiya i social'noi psihologii: Tezisy soobshenii XVIII Mezhdunarodnogo psihologicheskogo kongressa. M., 1966.
  4. Gal'perin P.Ya. Poetapnoe formirovanie kak metod psihologicheskogo issledovaniya // Gal'perin P.Ya., Zaporozhec A.V., Karpova S.N. Aktual'nye problemy vozrastnoi psihologii. M., 1978.
  5. Gal'perin P.Ya. Idei L.S. Vygotskogo i zadachi psihologii segodnya // Nauchnoe tvorchestvo L.S. Vygotskogo i sovremennaya psihologiya: Tezisy dokladov Vsesoyuznoi konferencii. M., 1981.
  6. Gal'perin P.Ya. Razvitie ucheniya o planomernom formirovanii psihicheskoi deyatel'nosti // Aktual'nye problemy sovremennoi psihologii. M., 1983.
  7. Gal'perin P.Ya. Metody obucheniya i umstvennogo razvitiya rebenka. M., 1985.
  8. Leont'ev A.N. Razvitie pamyati. M.; L., 1931.
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