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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR

 

Sign systems as substitutes for natural language

Braudo T.E., Vice-principle at the Moscow boarding school #65 for deaf children, Moscow, Russia
Frumkina R.M., PhD in Philosophy, Professor, Senior researcherat the Institute of Linguistics of the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia
Abstract
This analytical article shows that intellectual development is impossible without bearing on sign system, that is, on natural language in normal children. But there are ways of substituting natural language with other sign systems, which can provide communication and intellectual development in children with hearing and speech impairments. Conversational sign language is a self-improving sign system that can substitute natural language under certain circumstances. Other alternative and augmentative communication systems are being developed for children with other impairments (autism, alalia, etc.). The article critically reviews one of such systems, Bliss. However, most of the existing systems are only 'small bridges' that should, in the future, help speechless children to communicate using natural language. The authors describe the possible ways of developing such systems that would substitute natural language on early stages of speech development in children with different impairments.

Keywords: sign systems, natural language, sign language, alternative communication, the deaf, autism, alalia

Column: Discussions And Discourses

For Reference

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