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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR

 

Inner Position and Social Desirability in Preschool and Early School Age Children

Salmina N.G., Ph.D. in Psychology, Professor at the Education Psychology and Pedagogics chair at the Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, salmina2005@yandex.ru
Tikhanova I.G., Ph.D. in Psychology, associate professor at the Age Psychology Department at the Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
Abstract
The article reviews the correlation between the two psychological constructs - inner schoolchild position and social desirability — that appears when one enters a new social situation of development. Both constructs are reviewed within the framework of the problem of one's becoming the subject of his/her social relations. The article shows that, along with a child's desire to occupy a new social position in the transition from preschool to school age, a new way of acting in a socially approved manner emerges, enabling the child to involve him/herself in this new social situation and to build his/her relationships with significant others. As it is noted, this way of acting underlies the phenomenon of 'social desirability' and reveals itself in socially approved behaviour. The adduced results of an experimental research show that children who acquire socially approved ways of acting manage to establish good relationships with participants of the new social situation.

Keywords: inner schoolchild position, social desirability, socially approved behaviour, social situation of development, subject of activity, subject of social relations

Column: The Problem Of Development

For Reference

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