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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

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Open Access Journal

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Cultural and Ecological Factors of Perception of Perspective in the Indigenous People of the Tundra 953

Goncharov O.A., Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social and Human Sciences, International University of Nature, Society and Man «Dubna», Dubna, Russia, oleggoncharov@inbox.ru
Tyapovkin Yu.N., Head of Psychological Laboratory, Syktyvkar State University, Syktyvkar, Russia
Abstract
The paper presents results of an expedition to the Russian tundra aimed at studying cross-cultural features of perception of perspective and spatial concepts in Nenets dealing with reindeer herding. Both adult Nenets and children experienced difficulties with depicting volumetric features of objects on the flat. Adults' pictures of objects situated at different distances bore the signs of inverse perspective; however, in selecting perspective models they preferred linear perspective images. Reindeer herdsmen displayed a high level of topological and a low level of projective and coordinate spatial concepts in comparison with control results in urban children. The comparison of results in literate and illiterate herdsmen, as well as in younger and older children, showed that the ecological factor of open space in tundra has a stronger influence on spatial perception than the level of education.

Keywords: ecological factors of spatial perception; linear and inverse perspective; topological, projective and coordinate spatial concepts

Column: Crosscultural and Ethnopsychological Researches

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp.2007030401

For Reference

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