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The Influence of the Child-Parent Relationship's Style The Influence of the Child-Parent Relationship's Style
Chernov D.N., Ph.D. in Psychology, associate professor of the chair of general psychology and pedagogy, Russian national research medical university named after N.I. Pirogov, Moscow, Russia, email@example.com
The influence of the child-parent relationship's style on the junior school-children training was studied using the author's method of speech-language skills development in the zone of proximal development (ZPD). The 1st experiment (E1) involved 60 children, 7-8 years old and their mothers. Children were divided into equivalent groups: control (CG) and experimental group (EG). The questionnaires on a) parental attitudes and b) socialization «My family» were used in the study. The training method was constructed in accordance with the principles of experimental-genetic method. On the forming stage (FS) EG children were taught to understand and use in their speech the rules of «artificial» words composition. The effectiveness of training was confirmed by testing using the Russian words. The 2nd experiment (E2) was conducted in order to eliminate alternative explanations for the results of E1. E2 involved 40 children, 7—8 years old. The «test effect» was small compared to the experimental effect, thus confirming the validity of E1. The use of the «artificial» words rules in teaching proved to be a productive technique. Teaching children in the ZPD leads to high results in learning word composition rules. Children show high level of learning capability providing that style of child-parent relationship is cooperative.
Keywords: Zone of Proximal Development, Teaching, Speech, Word Composition, Styles of Child-Parent Relationship, the Experimental-Genetic Method, the Language
Column: Empirical Researches