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Self Actualization or Morality: A Research on Motivation in Students of Pontifical Gregorian University 1520
Ryzhov B.N., PhD in Psychology, professor, head of the Chair of Developmental Psychology and Innovations, Institute of Psychology, Sociology and Social Relations, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education
Senkevich L.V., PhD in Psychology, associate professor, chair of social, general and clinical psychology, faculty of psychology, Russian State Social University, Moscow, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org
Morgalla S., PhD, associate professor at the Pontifical Gregorian University (Italy)
The paper provides an explanation of the phenomenon of moral personality basing on the empirical research on motivation in students of the Pontifical Gregorian University. Moral personality is characterized by the dominance of transindividualistic and protective motivational tendencies: altruism and morality and, at the same time, low priority of selfrealization. The paper also describes regional differences in motivation which for dominant motivational types turned out to be dependent upon relatively stable, basic archetypes of ethnic consciousness, whereas for low priority motivation groups were situational. The results obtained in the study enabled the authors to hypothesize on the complementary character of moral and selfactualized (as described by Maslow) personalities, both necessary for successful development of the society.
Keywords: systematic psychology, vital motivation, self-preservation, altruism, cognitive motivation, defense potential of personality, self-actualization, morality.
Column: Developmental Psychology