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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

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Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR

 

Developing Written Speech Competences through Education in Elementary School

Tsukerman G.A., Ph.D. in Psychology, leading researcher at the Psychological Institute of the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia, galina.zuckerman@gmail.com
Obukhova O.L., Researcher, Laboratory of Psychology of Elementary School Children, Psychological Institute, Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia
Abstract
Our three year-long interventional experiment in elementary school was built around the farsighted idea of Daniil Elkonin that written speech is much more powerful tool of the mind than oral speech. To verify this idea, some of educational activities in grades second to fourth were carried out in the form of a written exchange of opin- ions between teacher and students. The written tasks were based upon the concepts already familiar to the students from previous oral discussions at the math, science and language lessons. The content of new concepts was depict- ed through schemes and all sorts of graphical models characteristic to the Elkonin - Davydov educational system. The essential feature of the written tasks as an integral part of the learning process was translating the statements made in the language of models into the language of verbal definitions and vice versa. The final assessment of the fourth-graders showed that introducing written forms of learning communication to the elementary school signif- icantly enhanced the development of metacognitive skills in schoolchildren. Particularly promoted was the ability to deal with contradictions in verbal and graphic texts or with insufficiently or redundantly defined tasks.

Keywords: written speech, learning activity, learning communication, elementary school children, metacogni- tive skills.

Column: On the 110th Anniversary of D.B. Elkonin's Birth

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