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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

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On the concept of will in L.S. Vygotsy`s work 1355

Selau B., Professor, Doctorate in Education, Department of Educational Psychology, Universidade Federal do Pampa, Brazil
Boessio C., Doctor, Doctorate in Education, Professor, Department of Literature and Spanish Language, Universidade Federal do Pampa, Brazil
Abstract
This article presents the results of an investigation which aimed to identify the theoretical notions devel- oped by L.S. Vygotsky on the theme of will, trying to observe them on the context of the scientific work of researchers involved in cultural-historical investigations. The research was guided by a bibliographical method. The results indicate that L.S. Vygotsky drew the attention to the human capacity of volitional con- trol of higher psychic functions. The author also showed that the human being lives in society and, as a result, he is under the influence of other people through the relationships that are established by language. For L.S. Vygotsky, language is one of the most powerful ways of influence on the conduct of other people, and, dialectally, to orient their behavior; because of this, language is, mainly, a fundamental psychological instru- ment of mediation to the constitution of will. It is highlighted that the conception of will in focus manifests the freedom of the human being, which occurs under conditions of awareness of the need to elect among different options that are presented to the person. Auxiliary motives, culturally created, help the person in the act of choosing. Will has as its basis the creativity and imagination of each person, and the social environment with- in the person participates reveals itself as a constitutive element of human will.

Keywords: cultural-historical theory; L.S. Vygotsky; will; election; auxiliary motives; freedom; biblio- graphical research; awareness; language; higher psychological functions.

Column: Scientific Life

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