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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

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Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR

 

"Cultural Revolution" in Cognitive Science: From Neuroplasticity to Genetic Mechanisms of Acculturation 2968

Falikman M.V., Doctor of Psychology, Head, School of Psychology, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, maria.falikman@gmail.com
Cole M., Doctor of Psychology, Professor, California University, San Diego, USA, mcole@ucsd.edu
Abstract
The review presents a new trend in cognitive studies of the last decade — "cultural neuroscience", a research area developing at the interface of experimental psychology, neuroscience, cultural anthropology and genetics. Theoretical approaches and empirical data obtained within two lines of research are discussed: on the one hand, the study of structural and functional plasticity of the human brain in the course of mastering vari¬ous cultural practices (literacy, professional skills, etc.), and on the other — investigations into the neural and genetic correlates of analytic vs. holistic styles of perception, attention, memory and categorization in so-called "individualistic" (Western) and "collectivist" (Eastern) cultures. Methodological problems arising from this research are outlined. The research and conclusions accumulated by cultural neuroscientists are compared with the basic assumptions of L.S. Vygotsky's cultural-historical psychology.

Keywords: cognitive science, cultural neuroscience, brain imaging, genetics, neuroplasticity, instruction, Eastern and Western styles of cognition

Column: Theory and Methodology

For Reference

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