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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR

 

Rehabilitation Potential of Personality in Various Chronic Conditions

Kulagina I.Y., Ph.D. in Psychology, professor, Department of Educational Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, dissovetmgppu@mail.ru
Senkevich L.V., Ph.D. in Psychology, associate professor, chair of social, general and clinical psychology, faculty of psychology, Russian State Social University, Moscow, Russia, lvsenkevich@mail.ru
Abstract
The paper presents data on general level and expression of components of rehabilitation potential of per¬sonality in such chronic conditions as gastrointestinal and cardiovascular diseases, cancer, HIV/AIDS. It is stated that rehabilitation potential is closely connected with some other personality resources that promote a better rehabilitation and readaptation of patients, e.g. existential fulfillment, optimism, activity, vitality. The paper describes features of rehabilitation potential (in particular, its component — the inner picture of disease) and of several personality dispositions observed in various chronic conditions. As it was revealed, personality resources are most evident in young and middle-aged individuals with gastrointestinal diseases and least evi¬dent in their peers living with HIV/AIDS. Also, a correlation was found between the decrease of personality potential and chemical addiction in persons with HIV/AIDS. Finally, the paper describes a special technique that was developed by the authors in order to define the general index of rehabilitation potential and those of its components — motivational, emotional, self-evaluative communicative components and the inner picture of disease.

Keywords: personality resources, disease, rehabilitation potential of personality, inner picture of illness, existential fulfillment, activity, optimism, vitality

Column: Empirical Research

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp.2015110107

For Reference

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