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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

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Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR

 

L.S. Vygotsky's Principle "One Step in Learning — A Hundred Steps in Development": In Search of Evidence

Zaretsky V.K., Ph.D. in Psychology, Professor, Chair of Individual and Group Psychotherapy, Faculty of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, zar-victor@yandex.ru
Abstract
On the basis of L.S. Vygotsky's published works the paper attempts to trace the dynamics of his concepts of child development and to provide evidence supporting Vygotsky's statement that one step in learning equals a hundred in development, which is one of the key principles of cultural-historical theory in its application to child development. This statement is put in a row with two other major principles: one arguing that learning precedes development and the other referring to the zone of proximal development. The paper outlines a multivector model of the zone of proximal development as one of the conceptual tools of the reflective and activity approach to helping children overcome learning difficulties and promoting their development. The paper also describes a case study in which an orphan child with a disability received psychological and educational support that obviously contributed to the child's development. It is argued that L.S. Vygotsky's idea of the specific relationship between learning and development has fundamental theoretical and practical implications, in particular, for working with children with special needs.

Keywords: Vygotsky, cultural-historical psychology, history of psychology, developmental psychology, learning and development, steps of development, zone of proximal development, multivector model of the zone of proximal development, reflective and activity approach, subjectness, reflection, child/adult collaborative activity, children with special needs, psychological and educational support, overcoming learning difficulties

Column: Exploring cultural-historical psychology and activity approach

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp.2015110305

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