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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

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Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR

 

Development of Autonomy as a Precondition of Adolescents’ Orientation in Moral Sphere 2041

Molchanov S.V., PhD in Psychology, research assistant at the Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, s-molch2001@mail.ru
Poskrebysheva N.N., PhD in Psychology, associate professor, Department of Developmental Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, pskr@inbox.ru
Zapunidi A.A., PhD in Psychology, Specialist in educational work at the Psychology faculty, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, elenvir@gmail.com
Markina O.S., PhD in Psychology, psychologist, Centre for Treatment and Rehabilitation of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation,, Moscow, Russia, olga.s.mark@gmail.com
Abstract
The paper discusses the outcomes of a research on the relationship between developmental levels of autonomy and features of moral orientation in adolescents determined by the priority of the value of justice or care within the cognitive (J. Piaget, L. Kohlberg) and empathy approach (C. Gillian, N. Eisenberg. The research proved that high levels of autonomy in the cognitive component correlate with the adolescent’s high estimation of moral qualities in various communicative contexts. Low level of emotional autonomy correlates with orientation towards the value of care, while high level correlates with orientation towards the value of justice. Levels of autonomy also correlate with moral judgments. Adolescents with low levels of autonomy reveal greater dependence on the opinion of other people and a stronger desire to appear a better person in the eyes of others. Adolescents with heterochrony of autonomy structure are more oriented towards the stage of the conventional level, i.e. the opinion of other people, a strong desire to appear a better person in the eyes of others, the significance of social rules and order, and the reflective empathic position that affirms the idea of self-sacrifice and defending the rights of others.

Keywords: autonomy, adolescence, emotional autonomy, cognitive autonomy, value-related autonomy, behavioural autonomy, moral orientation, moral judging, values, self-esteem

Column: Empirical Research

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp.2015110402

For Reference

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