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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR

 

Self-Control as a Personality Resource: Assessment and Associations with Performance, Persistence and Well-Being

Gordeeva T.O.
Osin E.N., associate professor, Psychology department, leading research fellow, International laboratory of positive psychology of personality and motivation, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Москва, Россия
Suchkov D.D., Junior research fellow, International Laboratory of Positive Psychology of Personality and Motivation,, Dsuchkov89@mail.ru
Ivanova T.Y., Research fellow, International Laboratory of Positive Psychology of Personality and Motivation,, Tatiana.y.ivanova@gmail.com
Sychev O.A., PhD in Psychology, associate professor, Shukshin Altai State Humanities Pedagogical University, Biysk, Russia, osn1@mail.ru
Bobrov V.V., Junior research fellow, International Laboratory of Positive Psychology of Personality, VVbobrov@hse.ru
Abstract
Self-control is one’s ability to control one’s own behavior and emotional expression, to react to external events in a deliberate manner, and to interrupt actions motivated by undesirable impulses or affects. We present two studies aimed to validate a Russian-language version of the 13-item Brief Self-Control Scale by J.P. Tangney, R.F. Baumeister and A.L. Boone in samples of employees (N=591) and students (N=328). Confirmatory factor analysis supported a one-dimensional structure. The scale shows high internal consistency (alpha 0,79-0,84) and predictable associations with self-report and objective indicators of current and future academic and work performance. Self-control is positively associated with positive functioning (i.e., intrinsic motivation, goal-setting, persistence, conscientiousness, hardiness, productive coping strategies, optimistic attributional style, self-efficacy), emotional stability, and subjective well-being. These associations hold when social desirability is controlled. The results suggest that self-control is an important personality and motivational resource which results in higher performance and psychological well-being.

Keywords: self-control, self-regulation, personality resources, persistence, goal-setting, subjective well- being, academic success

Column: Empirical Research

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp.2016120205

For Reference

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