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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR

 

The Problem of Experience in the Concepts of Vygotsky and Teplov: A Modern Context

Izotova E.I., PhD (Pedagogy), Head of the Chair of Developmental Psychology, Moscow Pedagogical State University, Moscow, Russia, teoretic@mail.ru
Martsinkovskaya T.D., Ph.D. in Psychology, Head of the Laboratory of Personality Psychology, Psychological Institute of the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia, martsinkovskaya@isicreate.ru
Abstract
The paper compares L.S. Vygotsky’s and B.M. Teplov’s approaches to the category of experience (‘perezhivanie’). It reveals the significance of Vygotsky’s understanding of experience as a dynamic unit comprising both emotional and cognitive aspects and providing insight into the social situation of development of children. The two scientists had a similar understanding of the role of intellectual and affective components of experience, but there were certain differences, too. Specifically, Teplov’s concept focuses on aesthetic experiences that bind an individual with the world of culture, shaping his/her attitudes to its meanings through the mutual enrichment of the artist and the listener/spectator via generalized images contained in the experience. The paper reveals the importance of the category of experience for modern psychology, the relevance of the ideas of the two scientists for studies of social (aesthetic) experiences in modern children and adolescents and their influence on socialization and inculturation. It is argued that the category of experience has two aspects (cognitive and dynamic, or intentional) and two forms (personal and social). Personal experiences incorporate one’s separate notions about the self into the whole, whereas social experiences mark his/her attitudes towards events and objects in the surrounding world. This work was supported by grant RSF № 14-18-00598

Keywords: experiences, affect and intelligence, dynamic and cognitive aspects of experiences, social situation of development, aesthetic experiences, musical talent, personal and social experiences

Column: In celebration of the 120th birthday of L.S. Vygotsky, N.A. Bernstein and B.M. Teplov

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp.2016120401

For Reference

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