Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice About PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2017. Vol. 13, no. 4)

Web of Science PsycINFO (American Psychological Society) EBSCO Academic Search International database Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory DOAJ ERIH PLUS Higher Attestation Commission Russian Science Citation Index VINITI Database RAS
CrossRef

Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR

 

In Search of Unit of Analysis in Executive Activity

Morgunov E.B., Ph.D. in Psychology, associate professor, head of the Laboratory for Social Communications Analysis, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (Moscow, Russia)
Abstract
The paper describes studies of executive actions carried out by Vladimir Zinchenko in the 1970s and 80s at the Faculty of Psychology at the Lomonosov Moscow State University. Conceptual development of the activity theory implied reaching the micro-levels of activity processes in order to determine the minimal units of analysis. Executive action, flexible and adaptive in response to various changes of conditions, was obviously an attractive choice for experimenting. Luckily enough, it turned out there were certain parties interested in such experiments at that time — specialized scientific research institutes (‘NII’) whose heads were concerned with increasing the effectiveness of activity in human-operators. This led to a technological re-equipment of research laboratories of the Faculty of Psychology at the MSU in the 1970s. Supported by computers, several groups of psychologists from the Chair of General Psychology, Chair of Psychophysiol- ogy and Chair of Work and Engineering Psychology initiated a series of studies. A number of temporary project laboratories were created, three of which happened to be under direct or indirect conceptual and managerial influence of V.P. Zinchenko. This paper outlines the main outcomes of a research on data entry actions that involved a short-term quantitative measurement of individuals’ memory image of computer keyboard layout.

Keywords: human-operator, microstructural analysis of action, functional structure of executive ac- tion, theory of activity, deautomatization of skill, consolidation of operational units

Column: In celebration of the 85th birthday of V.P. Zinchenko

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp.2016120406

For Reference

References
  1. Gordeeva N.D., Zinchenko V.P. Funkcional’naya struktura deistviya [Functional structure of action]. Moscow: MGU. 1982. 208 p.
  2. Zaporozhec A.V. Razvitie proizvol’nyh deistvii [Development of operations] Moscow: Publ. APN RSFSR. 1960. 429 p.
  3. Zinchenko V.P. Funkcional’naya struktura ispolnitel’nyh/ perceptivno-motornyh deistvii [Funktional structure of per- ception actions]. Ergonomika. Trudy VNIITJe. Issledovaniya poznavatel’noi i ispolnitel’noi deyatel’nosti [Ergonomika], 1978. Vyp. 16, pp. 7—40.
  4. Kochurova Je.I., Visjagina A.I.,  Gordeeva N.D., Zinchenko V.P. O kriteriyah ocenki ispolnitel’noi deyatel’nosti [Accessment of operational actions]. Ergonomika. Trudy VNI- ITJe [Ergonomika], 1975. Vyp. 9, pp. 123—172.
  5. Morgunov E.B. Funkcional’naya struktura deistvii s informacieina displeyah EVM. Diss. kand. psihol. nauk. [Funk- tional structure of actions in EVM. Ph.D. Psychology].Mos- cow: MGU. 1986. 155 p.
  6. Book W.F. The psychology of skill. University of Mon- tana. 1908. 117 p.
  7. Bryan W.L., Harter N. Studies on the physiology and psychology of telegraphic language. Psychol. Rev., 1897. Vol. 4, pp. 27—53.
  8. Bryan W.L., Harter N. Studies on the telegraphic lan- guages. Psychol. Rev. 1899. Vol. 6, pp. 345—375.
  9. Sanders A.F. Stage analysis of reactions processes. In Stelmach G.E. (eds.) Tutorials in Motor Behavior. North Hol- land, 1980, pp. 331–354.
comments powered by Disqus
 
About PsyJournals.ruLaureate of the XIV National psychological contest «Golden Psyche» at the results of 2012

© 1997–2018 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE NEW!

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube Яндекс.Метрика