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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

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Vygotsky vs. Freud: on the Rethinking of Psychoanalysis in Terms of Cultural-Historical Psychology

Zavershneva E.Ju., кандидат психологических наук, PhD in Psychology, associate professor, Faculty of Clinical Psychology, A.I. Evdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry, Москва, Россия, zavr71@yandex.ru
Abstract
The paper traces the dynamics of L.S. Vygotsky’s attitude towards Freud’s theory on the material of Vygotsky’s published works and personal notes. It provides an overall picture of Vygotsky’s critical views on psychoanalysis, including his accounts of both weak and progressive assumptions of Freud’s theory. It has been shown that Vygotsky's polemic with Freud was obviously shaped by the development of cultural- historical psychology and reached the point of a potential rivalry between their research programs in late 1932. The paper focuses on the perspectives of rethinking classical psychoanalysis in the context of the ideas of Vygotsky’s last period of life and work (1932—1934), namely, the idea of consciousness as a dynamic system of meaning, the concept of the field of meaning, the relationship between normal and abnormal development, and the idea of freedom as the main feature of human existence. It is stated that Vygotsky did not seek to eliminate any competing theories (in particular, psychoanalysis), but rather remained in dialogue with them and contributed to making their foundations more clear.

Keywords: psychoanalysis, cultural-historical psychology, height psychology, theory of consciousness, meaning, dynamic system of meaning, freedom, norm

Column: In celebration of the 120th birthday of L.S. Vygotsky, N.A. Bernstein and B.M. Teplov

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp.2016120402

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