Previous issue (2019. Vol. 15, no. 1)
Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)
Group-Based Guilt and Shame and Outgroup Attitudes in Russian Context
, M.A. in Psychology, Research Fellow, International Laboratory for Socio-Cultural Research, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, email@example.comEfremova M.V.
, Ph.D. in Psychology, Senior Research Fellow, International Laboratory for Socio-Cultural Research, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org
This research explores group-based emotions of guilt and shame in the Russian context. The aim was to reveal the relations between these emotions and outgroup attitudes in individuals with different degrees of collective identity strength. The survey was carried out on the sample of Russian people (N = 89; 53,9% females; average age 35 years). The respondents were asked to answer questions concerning their experiences of group-based emotions of guilt, moral shame and image shame in relation to the deportation of Chechen and Ingush populations of the Northern Caucasus during the World War II. We measured outgroup attitudes towards groups both related (Caucasus populations) and unrelated (migrants) to emotion-provoking events; general attitude towards multiculturalism; and strength of collective identity. The results show that the experiences of guilt and moral shame are positively correlated both with the attitudes towards Caucasus populations (0,396*** and 0,304*** respectively) and with the attitudes towards migrants (0,330*** and 0,322*** respectively). Image shame is positively correlated only with the attitudes to migrants (0,326**). It was also found that collective identity moderates these relations: there were no correlations found between emotions and attitudes in the group of subjects with stronger collective identity.
This work was supported by grant RFH № 14-36-01336.
The authors are grateful to Irina Maltseva for her assistance with data collection and Seger Breugelmans for his helpful feedback on the study design.
- Efremova M.V., Grigoryan L.K. Kollektivnye emotsii viny i styda: obzor
sovremennykh issledovanii [The Collective Emotions of Guilt and Shame: a Review
of Current Research]. Sovremennaya zarubezhnaya psikhologiya
[Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology], 2014. Vol. 3, no. 4, pp.
71—88. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
- Allport G.W. The Nature of Prejudice. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Books, 1954.
- Allpress J., Barlow F., Brown R., Louis W. Atoning for colonial injustices:
Group-based shame and guilt motivate support for reparation. International
Journal of Conflict and Violence, 2010. Vol. 4 (1), pp. 75—88.
- Allpress J.A., Brown R., Giner-Sorolla R., Deonna J.A., Teroni F. Two Faces
of Group-Based Shame: Moral Shame and Image Shame Differentially Predict
Positive and Negative Orientations to Ingroup Wrongdoing. Personality and
Social Psychology Bulletin, 2014. Vol. 40 (10), pp. 1270—1284. doi:
- Breugelmans S.M., Van de Vijver F.J.R. Antecedents and components of
majority attitudes toward multiculturalism in the Netherlands. Applied
Psychology: An International Review, 2004. Vol. 53 (3), pp. 400—422. doi:
- Brown R., Cehajic S. Dealing with the past and facing the future: Mediators
of the effects of collective guilt and shame in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
European Journal of Social Psychology, 2008. Vol. 36 (4), pp. 669—684.
- Branscombe N.R., Doosje B. (eds.) Collective guilt: International
perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. 356 p.
- Doosje B., Branscombe N., Spears R., Manstead A. Guilt by Association: When
One’s Group has a negative history. Journal of Personality and Social
Psychology, 1998. Vol. 75 (4), pp. 872—886. doi:
- Ferguson T. Mapping shame and its functions in relationships. Child
Maltreatment, 2005. Vol. 10 (4), pp. 377—386. doi:
- Iyer A., Schmader T., Lickel B. Why individuals protest the perceived
transgressions of their country: The role of anger, shame and guilt.
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 2007. Vol. 33 (4), pp.
572—587. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146167206297402
- Lewis M. Self-conscious emotions: Embarrassment, pride, shame, and guilt.
In Lewis M., Haviland J.M. (eds.), Handbook of emotions. New York:
Guilford Press, 1993, pp. 563—573.
- Lickel B., Schmader T., Curtis M., Scarnier M., Ames D. Vicarious shame and
guilt. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 2005. Vol. 8 (2), pp.
145—157. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1368430205051064
- Lickel B., Steele R., Schmader T. Group-based shame and guilt: Emerging
directions in research. Social and Personality Psychology Compass,
2011. Vol. 5 (3), pp. 153—163. doi:
- Niedenthal P., Tangney J., Gavanski I. Distinguishing shame and guilt in
counterfactual thinking. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,
1994. Vol. 67 (4), pp. 585—595. doi:
- Pedersen A., Beven J., Griffiths B., Walker I. Attitudes toward Indigenous
Australians: The role of empathy and guilt. Journal of Community and
Applied Social Psychology, 2004. Vol. 14 (4), pp. 233 — 249. doi:
- Rees J.H., Allpress J.A., Brown R. Nie wieder: Group-based emotions for
ingroup wrongdoing affect attitudes toward unrelated minorities. Political
Psychology, 2013. Vol. 34 (3), pp. 387—407. doi:
- Shepherd L., Spears R., Manstead A. This will bring the shame on our
nation: The role of anticipated group-based emotions on collective action.
Journal of Experimental and Social Psychology, 2013. Vol. 49 (1), pp.
42—57. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2012.07.011
- Verkuyten M. Ethnic Group Identification and Group Evaluation Among
Minority and Majority Groups: Testing the Multiculturalism Hypothesis.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2005. Vol. 88 (1), pp.
121—138. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-35220.127.116.11