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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

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Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR

 

Influence of Manipulative Attitudes on Mentalization in Patients with Schizotypal Disorders

Sokolova E.T., Doctor in Psychology, Full professor, Department of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Department of Psychology, Moscow, Russia, etsokolova@yandex.ru
Andreyuk K.O., PhD Student, Department of Neuro- and Pathopsychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, kristina.andreyuk@yandex.ru
Abstract
The paper regards mentalization in the logic of systems and social mediation of cultural-historical approach. We applied Westen’s model to the analysis of TAT narratives and interpreted internal system relations between affective (“emotional investment in relationships”, “affective tone of relationships”, empathy) and cognitive (“сomplexity of representations”, “understanding of social causality”) components of mentalization; we also explored intersystem relations with manipulative attitudes in interpersonal communication (Machiavellianism). The detected low mentalization abilities of patients with schizotypal disorders (р<0,05) in their affective part (insensibility to the inner world of the Other) turned out to be dependent on the intensity of manipulative attitudes (р<0,001), which stresses the importance of interpersonal cultural context for social cognition. Interpretation of the acquired results in the logic of system structure of mentalization allows us to emphasize the resourcefulness of internal system and intersystem relations: “tolerance to uncertainty” corresponds with the high level of cognitive “сomplexity of representations”, while high “сomplexity of representations”, joined by “understanding of social causality”, promotes adequate behavior-based understating of the mind.

Keywords: cognitive and affective structure of mentalization, Machiavellianism, tolerance to uncertainty, schizotypal disorders

Column: Empirical Research

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp.2018140109

For Reference

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