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Assimilationism, Multiculturalism, Colorblindness, and Polyculturalism in the Russian Context
, Research Fellow, International Laboratory for Socio-Cultural Research, National research University "Higher school of Economics", Moscow, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.orgBatkhina A.A.
, PhD student, Trainee researcher, National Research University "Higher School of Economics", Moscow, Russia, email@example.comDubrov D.I.
, Ph.D. Student, Junior Researcher fellow, International Laboratory for Socio-Cultural Research, National research University "Higher school of Economics", Moscow, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org
The present study examined the relationships between interethnic ideologies (assimilation, colorblindness, multiculturalism, polyculturalism) and generalized and specific prejudice towards Chechens, Belarusians, Uzbeks, and Chinese from the of perception ethnic Russian citizens. In order to take into account of the specific context of intergroup relations in Russia, we also included intergroup contact experience, which potentially associated with prejudice and intergroup tension (frequency and positivity of interethnic contacts, positive interethnic emotions) and perceived neighborhood ethnic density. The results indicated that colorblind and polycultural interethnic ideologies had negative associations with generalized prejudice and prejudice towards Chechens, Uzbeks, and Chinese but not with prejudice towards Belarusians, which was negatively associated with only multicultural interethnic ideology. The total sample was 359 ethnic Russians (female 46,5 %; male 53,5%) from the Central Federal district of the Russian Federation in the age from 16 to 68 years (M = 33,9; SD = 11,9).The obtained results were explained by perceived cultural distance and existing stereotypes towards considered ethnic groups. According to the perspective of two dimensions of the stereotype content model (warmth and competence), these stereotypes are substantially different.
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