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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR

 

Fifteen Years After: Methodology and Ethics of Psychological Help to Young Adults Who Survived Terror Act at Beslan School in Their Childhood

Gulina M.A., Doctor in Psychology, Professor, Department of Methodology of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, marinagulina@mail.ru
Ramonova A.A., Psychologist, Counselor, Head of Department of Inclusive Education, Faculty of Psychology, Khetagurov North Ossetian University, Veliky Novgorod, Russia, ramonovaalena@gmail.com
Karlova A.A., Psychologist, Researcher, Psychology Department, City, University of London, London, Great Britain , karlova3812@gmail.com
Abstract
Main concepts of a theory of psychological trauma including seeing trauma as «a double-edged sword», and a concept of posttraumatic personality growth are outlined. Some new data obtained from the most recent (2017—2018) qualitative study among young adults who survived terror act at Beslan school in 2004, are presented. Issues of potential long-term sequels of unmetabolized trauma; of a probability of a secondary traumatization of a patient under conditions of a directive psychotherapy; and probability of unconscious transmission of unmetabolized trauma to the next generations are raised. Fundamental differences between medical and psychological models of psychotherapeutic help including the differences between discourse of «impact» vs discourse of «reciprocity» are discussed. Fallacy of equating of mental suffering and illness is stressed. Psychological counseling and psychotherapy are considered as a transformation of a latent potential of suffering into strengthening of the ego.

Keywords: multiple trauma, shock trauma, strain trauma, alienation, disorganization, posttraumatic personality growth, metabolization of trauma

Column: From psychological theory to practice and back

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp.2019150105

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