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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR

 

Modification of Fyodor Vasilyuk and Elena Sheryagina’s Technique of Comforting Strategies 387

Kholmogorova A.B., Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Head of the Laboratory of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Moscow Research Institute of Psychiatry — Branch of The Serbsky Federal Medical Research Center for Psychiatry and Narcology, Moscow, Russia, kholmogorova-2007@yandex.ru
Zaretsky V.K., PhD in Psychology, Professor, Chair of Individual and Group Psychotherapy, Faculty of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, zar-victor@yandex.ru
Klimenkova E.N., Psychologist, school psychologist, the structural subdivision "Sevastopol", State professional educational establishment Complex «South-West», Moscow, Russia, klimenkovaliza@gmail.com
Volozhanina N.S., Student, Faculty of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, nsvolozhanina@gmail.com
Abstract
The article highlights the importance of exploring comforting strategies in the context of the modern social situation of development in young people. The authors emphasize its dramatic negative effect on young people’s mental health and describe current trends in psychological research to resist destructive social processes and to value comforting, compassion and self-compassion strategies as important for psychological well-being. The article presents a modification of F. Vasilyuk and E. Sheryagina’s Comforting Strategies Technique. The key element of the modification is a new methodology of data processing which relies on the concept of social support and the reflection and activity approach to dealing with learning challenges. The authors discuss outcomes of a validation study which used independent expert ratings and correlation analysis on a sample of 282 subjects that included school and college students, students of university programmes in psychology and teacher training, practicing psychologists and IT-specialists. The modified technique can be used to carry out differentiated evaluation of the support quality in different age and professional groups by identifying the correlation between the types of support differing in the efficacy to normalize emotional state and to create conditions for the development of mind.

Keywords: experiencing (perezhivanie), comforting, empathy, social situation of development, social support, types of support, antisupport, formal support, reflective support, instrumental support, emotional support, compassion, self-compassion, reflection and activity approach, cultural-historical psychology

Column: From Psychotechnical Theory Towards Emprical Research

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp.2019150109

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