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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

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Open Access Journal

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Multiple Identities, Acculturation and Adaptation of Russians in Latvia and Georgia 298

Ryabichenko T.A., PhD in Psychology, Senior Research Fellow, Associate Professor, International Laboratory for Socio-cultural Research, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, tryabichenko@hse.ru
Lebedeva N.M., Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Chair of Organizational Psychology, Department of Psychology, Head of International Research and Education Laboratory, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, lebedhope@yandex.ru
Plotka I.D., Doctor of Psychology, The Head of the Department Psychology, Professor, Baltic Psychology and Management University College, the Director of Professional Master Study Programme "Psychology", Riga, Latvia., Baltic international Academy, Riga, Latvia, irinaplotka@inbox.lv
Abstract
The article presents the results of a comparative study examining the relationship between different types of social identity (ethnic, national, and place identity), acculturation strategies (assimilation, integration), and psychological adaptation (satisfaction with life and self-esteem) of Russians in two sociocultural contexts: Latvia and Georgia. Participants were 320 Russians in Latvia (M = 42,89; SD = 21,19), and 312 Russians in Georgia (M = 31,11; SD = 11,67). Path analysis was used to test the relationships. The results showed that national and place identities related to integration in both countries. Direct effects of place identity on psychological well-being are universal for the studied countries, while relationships of national and ethnic identities with well-being are context specific. Indirect positive effects of national and place identities on self-esteem through integration are universal in Latvia and Georgia.

Keywords: ethnic identity, national identity, place identity, integration, adaptation, acculturation strategies, ethnic minorities

Column: Empirical Research

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp.2019150206

Funding

The study was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (project № 15-18-00029).

For Reference

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