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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

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Open Access Journal

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Recognition of Other Person’s Cognitive Errors and Its Impairment in Schizophrenia 626

Zotov M.V., Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Department of Medical Psychology and Psychophysiology, Faculty of Psychology, Saint-Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, mvzotov@mail.ru
Guseva M.S., Medical Psychologist, Psychiatric State Hospital of St. Nicholas, St.Petersburg, Russia, gusevamarina.kot@gmail.com
Zotova N.E., PhD in Psychology, Assistant Lecture, Department of Medical Psychology and Psychophysiology, Faculty of Psychology, Saint-Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, natalia-andrianova@mail.ru
Abstract
The term “cognitive errors” refers to the errors in the perception and analysis of information about the environment. In our study healthy people and patients with schizophrenia were presented with a “silent” video clip in which the main character makes a cognitive error in perceiving some situation. After watching the video clip the subjects explained the character’s behavior and described his or her cognitive error. We analyzed the differences in eye movements in the subjects who recognized and failed to recognize the character’s cognitive error. We identified three factors that support the recognition of other person’s cognitive errors: (1) co-operative orientation of cognitive activity; (2) specific cognitive activity of the observer; (3) the observer’s ability to compare his/her own cognitive activity with that of the observed person. We show that in subjects with schizophrenia the difficulties in recognizing other people’s cognitive errors may be associated with the impairment of each of these factors.

Keywords: cognitive errors, theory of mind, schizophrenia, visual perception, visual attention, eye movements

Column: Empirical Research

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/chp.2019150204

Funding

This work was supported by grant RFBR № 18-013-01217.

For Reference

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