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The Definitions of Learning Process (Types of Motivation and Theories) 42
Burlakova I.I., Doctor of Education, head of the Department of linguodidactics and intercultural communication, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org
Gubanova L. V., PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor of the Department of Linguodidactics and intercultural communication , Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, email@example.com
Learning is one of the major items dealt with psychology. Learning is typically defined as modification of behavior through practice and training. The process of learning is affected by such factors as environment, motivation, health, emotions, maturation and aging. A number of theories are found operative for the process of learning among which the prominent are: Classical conditioning by I.P. Pavlov, Operant conditioning by B.F. Skinner, Trial and Error theory by E.L. Thorndike, Gestalt or Insightful theory by F. D. Kohler and Kurt Koffka, J. B. Watson’s theory of learning and etc. It is suggested that for the best transfer of learning the individual should discover interrelationships for himself. He should be exposed to the diverse and multifaceted interrelationships and principles that can help draw generalizations.
Keywords: learning, behavior, motivation, conditioned response, trial and error, insight