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Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2075-3470

ISSN (online): 2311-9446

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 1992

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Individual Psychology and Humanistic Psychology. Convergences and divergences between therapeutic approaches of Alfred Adler and Carl Rogers 1650

Bondarenko O.R., PhD in Psychology, Доцент кафедры психологии личности ГУ ВШЭ. , Moscow, Russia
Lukan U., Austria
Abstract
In various comparisons between Individual Psychology and Humanistic Psychology similarities in the concept of man are seen. Furthermore the connections in the life history between Adler, the founder of Individual Psychology, and Maslow and Rogers, the two most important persons in Humanistic Psychology are shown here; Adler even was their teacher in New York in a certain extent. Theoretical convergences and divergences between the both edifices of ideas are reviewed and on the basis of concrete statements Adler’s role as a guiding intellectual force of the movement of Humanistic Psychology and Person-centered Approach is pointed out. Finally the growing discussion about efforts for integration between the different therapeutic approaches will be examined.

Keywords: Alfred Adler, Carl Rogers, Individual Psychology, Humanistic Psychology, Person-centered Psychotherapy

Column: Opinions, positions, discussions

For Reference

References
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  2. Adler A.1927. Individualpsychologie und Wissenschaft. Internationale Zeitschrift für Individualpsychologie, 5, 401-408.
  3. Adler A. 1928. Kurze Bemerkungen über Vernunft, Intelligenz und Schwachsinn. Internationale Zeitschrift für Individualpsychologie, 6, 267-272.
  4. Adler A. 1929a. Individualpsychologie in der Schule. Vorlesungen für Lehrer und Erzieher. Leipzig: Hirzel.
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  6. Adler A. 1931. What Life Should Mean to You. Boston: Little, Brown & Co.
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  16. Hoffmann,E. 1988. The right to be human: a biography of Abraham Maslow.Los Angeles: Tarcher.
  17. Kelly D. F. & Tausch R. 1984. Diskussion: Individualpsychologie und Gesprächstherapie. Adler und Rogers – A Comparative View. In T. Reinelt; Z. Otalora & H. Kappus (Hrsg.), Die Begegnung der Individualpsychologie mit anderen Therapieformen (107-117). München: Reinhardt.
  18. Kirschenbaum H. 1979. On Becoming Carl Rogers. New York: Delacorte.
  19. Maslow A. H. 1970. Tribute to Alfred Adler. Journal of Individual Psychology, 26, 13.
  20. Obuchowski K. 1988. Alfred Adler: Precursor of Humanistic Psychology. Individual Psychology, 44, 263-269.
  21. O’Connell W. E. 1991. Humanistic Identification : A New Translation for Gemeinschaftsgefühl. Individual Psychology, 47, 26-27.
  22. Rogers C. R. 1967. Autobiography. In E. W. Boring & G. Lindzey (Eds.), A history of psychology in biography, Vol. 5, (343-384). New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.
  23. Watts R. E. 1996. Social Interest and the Core Conditions: Could It Be That Adler Influenced Rogers? Journal of Humanistic Education and Development, 34, 165-170.
  24. Watts R. E. 1998. The Remarkable Parallel Between Roger’s Core Conditions and Adler’s Social Interest. The Journal of Individual Psychology, 54, 4-9.
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