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Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2075-3470

ISSN (online): 2311-9446

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 1992

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Сognitive-behavioral treatment in: posttraumatic stress disorder 5751

Garanyan N.G., PhD in Psychology, Professor at Clinical psychology department, Psychological counselling faculty, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, garanian@mail.ru
Abstract
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common reaction to traumatic events. Many people recover in the several months after trigger event, but in a significant subgroup the symptoms persist, often for years. Basic assumptions of integrative cognitive model proposed for stress symptoms chronification (Ehlers A., Clark D., 2000) are presented in the current article. It is suggested that PTSD becomes persistent when individuals process the trauma in a way that leads to a sense of serious threat: 1) excessively negative appraisals of the trauma and its sequelae; 2) a disturbance of autobiographical memory characterised by strong associative bonds; 3) problematic behavioural and cognitive strategies of coping; 4) previous trauma experience and cognitive schemas. Basic cognitive-behavioral strategies in PTSD treatment are outlined.

Keywords: posttraumatic stress disorder, integrative cognitive model of PTSD, cognitive-behavioral treatment of PTSD

Column: Special topic

For Reference

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