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Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2075-3470

ISSN (online): 2311-9446

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 1992

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The compensation of autistic features during a little boy’s second year: overcoming pain through the development of attachment 2367

Bardyshevskaja M.K., PhD in Psychology, доцент кафедры нейро- и патопсихологии ф-та психологии МГУ им. Ломоносова
Abstract
The paper is devoted to the research of early development of a little child with autistic features, reared in an orphanage. His development was followed with help of two methods: a method of an ethological observation and a method of a psychoanalytical infant observation elaborated by Esther Bick. At the beginning of the observation the little boy’s intense desire for a close contact with an adult could not be realized because of his intolerance of a tiny barrier in the contact and of fixation of the most archaic ways of the contact. In the paper the development of attachment between the boy and the observers under conditions of regular but not often and restricted in time contacts is depicted step by step. The observation helped to develop the boy’s symbolic activity and his ability to save a good emotional experience in close emotional contacts with adults and built a basis for his further balanced mental development. The key patterns which allowed the boy to overcome his autistic state and to form the attachment are illustrated by photographs.

Keywords: The paper is devoted to the research of early development of a little child with autistic features, reared in an orphanage. His development was followed with help of two methods: a method of an ethological observation and a method of a psychoanalytical infant observation elaborated by Esther Bick. At the beginning of the observation the little boy’s intense desire for a close contact with an adult could not be realized because of his intolerance of a tiny barrier in the contact and of fixation of the most archaic ways of the contact. In the paper the development of attachment between the boy and the observers under conditions of regular but not often and restricted in time contacts is depicted step by step. The observation helped to develop the boy’s symbolic activity and his ability to save a good emotional experience in close emotional contacts with adults and built a basis for his further balanced mental development. The key patterns which allowed the boy to overcome his autistic state and to form the attachment are illustrated by photographs.

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For Reference

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