Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice About PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2018. Vol. 26, no. 4)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2075-3470

ISSN (online): 2311-9446

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 1992

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Elective mutism: psychoanalytic view of the problem

Vasilyeva N.L., Doctor in Psychology, Professor, Child and Parent Mental Health and Early Intervention Chair, Department of Psychology, St. Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, ninavasilyeva@yandex.ru
Abstract
Elective mutism is looked at through the prism of psychological problems leading to a formation of 'voluntary refusal' to speak. These psychological problems are explored through clinical material from the psychotherapy of a 5 year old girl. The major factors significant in this process are 1) excessive ties to mother that hinder the child's social-emotional development; 2) difficulties in discharging aggression in a situation when it is not possible to feel separate from mother; 3) primitive ways of dealing with aggressive feelings based on phantasy and omnipotence; and 4) the symbolic equation of anus and mouth, at the developmental phase of mastery of both speech and sphincter control, as a cause of withholding words.

Keywords: elective mutism, psychoanalytic psychotherapy, motherAinfant relationship, aggression.

Column: Study case

For Reference

References
  1. Buyanov M.I.  Sistemnye  psikhonevrologicheskie   rasstrojstva u detej i  podrostkov (rukovodstvo dlya vrachej i logopedov). M.: Rossijskoe obshhestvo medikovAliteraA torov. 1995. 192 s.
  2. Kirillina  N.K.  Lechenie ehlektivnogo mutizma u  detej: sovremennoe  sostoyanie voprosa / N.K. Kirillina, Yu.S. Shevchenko // Voprosy psikhicheskogo zdorov'ya detej i podrostkov: nauchnoAprakticheskij zhurnal psikhiatrii, psikhologii, psikhoA terapii i smezhnykh distsiplin. M., 2002, № 3. — s. 42—50.
  3. Ambrosino, S.V., and Alessi, M. (1979). Elective Mutism: Fixation and the Double Bind. American Journal of Psychoanalysis, 39: 251—256.
  4. Greenacre, P. (1958). Toward  an Understanding  of the Physical  Nucleus  of Some Defence Reactions. Int. J. PsychoAAnal., 39: 69—76.
  5. Hayden, T.L. (1982) Classification of Elective Mutism. J. Amer. Acad. Child Psychiat., XIX, 1980: 118—133. Psychoanal Q., 51: 337.
  6. Kolvin J., Fundudis T. Electively mute children, psychological development and background factors. J. Child. Psychol. Psych. 1981. 22. 219A232.
  7. Lebrun Y. Mutism. Whurr Publishers Ltd. London and New Jersey, 1990. 124 p.
  8. Pustrom, E., and Speers, R.W. (1964). Elective mutism in children. J. Amer. Acad. Child Psychiat., 3: 287—297.
  9. Rhode, M. (2004). Different Responses to Trauma in Two Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder: The Mouth as Crossroads   for the Sense of Self. Journal of Child Psychotherapy, 30: 3—20.
  10. Steinhausen H. and Juzi C: Elective mutism: an analysis of 100 cases // J. Am. Acad. Child Adolesc. Psychiatry. 1996. 35 (5). 606—614.
  11. Weber, A. Zum electiven Mutismus der Kinder / Kinderpsychiat.  1950, 17: 1—15.
  12. Weinstein, L. (2002) Language, Transference, and the Developmental Context in Child Analysis. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 57: 355—373.
  13. Youngerman, J.K. (1979). The Syntax of Silence: Electively Mute Therapy. International Review of Psycho-Analysis, 6: 283—295.
comments powered by Disqus
 
About PsyJournals.ruLaureate of the XIV National psychological contest «Golden Psyche» at the results of 2012

© 1997–2019 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube Яндекс.Метрика